It was previously believed that patients with intellectual disability (ID) were less likely to suffer from mood disorders. Unfortunately, disorders of this type are more prevalent and can go under-recognized in this population. Patients with ID may have difficulty communicating the usual diagnostic criteria of mood disorders. This requires the provider to utilize more objective data (reports from caregivers and family), to be familiar with their patient’s baseline, and to have a thorough knowledge of the patient’s history and current situation. This chapter will describe the factors, diagnostic criteria, keys to evaluation, and treatments for depressive and bipolar disorders for patients with ID.
KeywordsMood disorders Bipolar disorder Mania Cycling Major depressive disorder Dysthymia
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