Psychiatric Assessment

  • Douglas K. Armour
  • Allison E. CowanEmail author


Good psychiatric care begins with a thorough assessment and with careful attention paid to aspects that can be unique in treating individuals with intellectual disability (ID). The biopsychosocial model allows for a clear framework to conceptualize individuals with ID and address an individual’s specific needs. Certain characteristics such as practical elements of and common difficulties in interviewing make the psychiatric assessment of individuals with ID different from treating individuals without ID; however, the tenants of a comprehensive formulation remain the same.


Psychiatric assessment Intellectual disabilities Mental health Biopsychosocial formulation Biopsychosocial model 


  1. 1.
    Gentile, Julie P. and Paulette Marie Gillig. Psychiatry of intellectual disability: a practical manual. Hoboken:Wiley, 2012.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Reiss S, Levitan GW, Szyszko J. Emotional disturbance and mental retardation: diagnostic overshadowing. Am J Ment Defic. 1982;86:567–74.PubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Wright State University, Department of Psychiatry, Boonshoft School of MedicineDaytonUSA
  2. 2.Department of PsychiatryWright State UniversityDaytonUSA

Personalised recommendations