Syndromes of Intellectual Disability

  • Allison E. CowanEmail author


Intellectual disability (ID) may be caused by countless disorders and syndromes, many of which are still unknown. Understanding specific syndromes of ID can be helpful in better recognizing distinct presentations as well as being aware of co-occurring psychiatric and medical comorbidities. Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders, autism spectrum disorders, Down syndrome, William syndrome, Fragile X syndrome, and Prader-Willi syndrome are leading syndromal causes of ID and are described here.


Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders Fragile X syndrome Prader-Willi syndrome William syndrome Autism spectrum disorders Syndromes of ID 


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PsychiatryWright State UniversityDaytonUSA

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