Comprehensive treatment of patients with IDD is multidimensional and can have a lasting impact on patients starting in childhood and as they transition into adulthood. Notably, pharmacology does have an important role in treatment; however, the best outcomes typically result from a combination of both pharmacotherapy and alternative behavioral therapies such as applied behavior analysis (ABA). ABA and similar therapies are often most effective when used in multiple settings (i.e., home, school, clinic) and include family involvement in collaboration with providers. Research has also shown that patients with IDD seek to be understood and those whom are encouraged to participate in their care via self-determination and choice, especially with respect to transitional topics such as employment and living environment, tend to have better overall outcomes than those who do not. This chapter explores the different types of behavioral therapies used for patients with IDD, the importance of family and patient involvement in formulating care plans, and the universal transitional phases that these patients encounter from a perspective that is unique to those with IDD.
Self-determination and choice Early Start Denver Model Supported employment Independence Transition into adulthood
Applied behavior analysis
Individual placement support
Positive behavior support
Sensory integration therapy
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.