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Introduction

  • Julie P. GentileEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

Approximately 2% of the population meets criteria for intellectual disability (ID), and these individuals will be encountered in virtually every clinical setting. There is a 3–6 times increased rate of psychiatric and behavior problems in individuals with ID compared to the general population. Progress has been made for the provision of high-quality medical and mental health treatment of individuals with co-occurring intellectual disability and mental illness. There remains a lack of universal training among most disciplines in this area, and stigmatization of both conditions continues to varying degrees. Current assessment and diagnostic classifications are available, including adapted criterion sets suitable for individuals with intellectual disability.

Keywords

Intellectual disability Developmental disability Mental illness Dual diagnosis Aggression in intellectual disability Medical conditions in intellectual disability Mental health treatment 

References

  1. 1.
    American Psychiatric Association, editor. Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders. 5th ed. New York: American Psychiatric Association Publishing; 2013.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Barnhill J, Cooper S-A, Fletcher RJ. Diagnostic manual–intellectual disability 2 (DM-ID): a textbook of diagnosis of mental disorders in persons with intellectual disability. New York: National Association for the Dually Diagnosed Press; 2017.Google Scholar
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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PsychiatryWright State UniversityDaytonUSA

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