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Testing of Nature-Like Biogeochemical Technologies for Recultivation of Disturbed and Polluted Soils in Impacted Arctic Ecosystems in the Face of Increasing Continentality of Climate

  • Vladimir N. Bashkin
  • Rauf V. Galiulin
Chapter
Part of the Environmental Pollution book series (EPOL, volume 28)

Abstract

This chapter is devoted to examples of testing of nature-like biogeochemical technologies for recultivation of disturbed and polluted soils of impacted arctic ecosystems in the face of increasing continentality of the climate. It has been demonstrated that the main factor in the disturbance of tundra soils on the Yamal Peninsula, Russia—leading to the loss of pasture areas due to formation of sand outcrops—is their overloading with deer herds. Man-made violations of soils associated with the development of hydrocarbon deposits are local in nature. Some examples of in situ and in vitro applications of biogeochemical technologies for reclamation of disturbed and polluted tundra soils, as well as reclamation of pyrogenic and hydrocarbon-contaminated soils in other gas production regions, are given.

Keywords

Nature-like innovative biogeochemical technologies Recultivation Disturbed and polluted soils Impacted arctic ecosystem Pyrogenic soils Hydrocarbon-contaminated soils Climate continentality 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Vladimir N. Bashkin
    • 1
  • Rauf V. Galiulin
    • 2
  1. 1.Institute of Physicochemical and Biological Problems of Soil Science RASPushchino, The Moscow RegionRussia
  2. 2.Institute of Basic Biological Problems RASPushchino, The Moscow RegionRussia

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