Risk of Human Exposure to Chemical Substances in the Gas Industry

  • Vladimir N. Bashkin
  • Rauf V. Galiulin
Part of the Environmental Pollution book series (EPOL, volume 28)


This chapter considers the peculiarities of human exposure to chemicals in the gas industry, such as methane, hydrogen sulfide, gas condensate, methanol, surfactants, and natural gas combustion products in the forms of carbon and nitrogen oxides, sulfur dioxide, and benz(a)pyrene, as well as oil and heavy metals. It has been shown that the risk of exposure of the human body to chemicals that are emitted in the gas industry can be controlled by using sanitary–hygienic standards in the form of the maximum permissible concentration (MPC), temporarily permissible concentration (TPC), maximum permissible level (MPL), and remote control developed for air, soil, water, wastewater, and the skin of the hands.


Gas industry emissions Human exposure Methane Hydrogen sulfide Gas condensate Methanol Surfactants Carbon and nitrogen oxides Sulfur dioxide Benz(a)pyrene Oil Heavy metals 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Vladimir N. Bashkin
    • 1
  • Rauf V. Galiulin
    • 2
  1. 1.Institute of Physicochemical and Biological Problems of Soil Science RASPushchino, The Moscow RegionRussia
  2. 2.Institute of Basic Biological Problems RASPushchino, The Moscow RegionRussia

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