General Characteristics of Impacted Polar Ecosystems

  • Vladimir N. Bashkin
  • Rauf V. Galiulin
Part of the Environmental Pollution book series (EPOL, volume 28)


This chapter presents a general description of polar ecosystems that are concentrated in the Arctic region to the north of the Arctic Circle and consist of Arctic and tundra zones with characteristic permafrost. It has been shown that soil contamination of the impacted polar ecosystems, due to the functioning of the gas industry and the infrastructure of the Arctic islands, is related to various chemicals such as hydrocarbons and heavy metals. The chapter also indicates that the disturbance of soil and vegetation cover in the impacted polar ecosystems occurs not only in the areas of functioning of the gas industry and the infrastructure of the islands—for example, during passage of equipment related to geological exploration, development of new fields, gas production, and its preparation for transportation—but also during migration of thousands of deer herds.


Polar ecosystems Soil and vegetation types Gas industry impacts Polar deer pasturing Ecosystem disturbances 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Vladimir N. Bashkin
    • 1
  • Rauf V. Galiulin
    • 2
  1. 1.Institute of Physicochemical and Biological Problems of Soil Science RASPushchino, The Moscow RegionRussia
  2. 2.Institute of Basic Biological Problems RASPushchino, The Moscow RegionRussia

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