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Glycyrrhiza glabra (Licorice) in Turkmenistan: Medicinal and Biological Aspects

  • Svetlana A. Pleskanovskaya
  • Maya A. Mamedova
  • Mehri A. Ashiraliyeva
  • Volkan Altay
  • Munir Ozturk
Chapter

Abstract

The root of licorice is known globally as a medicinal herb. Not only the root but also its aboveground parts are reported to possess good fodder value and can be used as a fodder crop. Currently liquorice hay makes 90% of all coarse fodder and its thickets serve as all-the-year-round pastures. The hay is regarded as the fine fodder to gain fat and its estrogens are considered to be stimulators for the growth of animals.

The licorice roots have been used in the treatment of cutaneous ulcers, kidney and urinary bladder diseases, gastritis, fever, lung disorders like bronchial asthma and chronic bronchitis, as well as heart disease. In Turkmenistan and whole of Central Asia it has been used in the treatment of gastric and duodenal ulcers, against hemorrhoid, tumors, dryness, and spasms in the throat, and as an appetite stimulant and expectorant in the catarrh of the upper respiratory tract. The root is considered to be as important as ginseng in the Chinese medicine and is used as antifebrile, analgesic, and expectorant, as a mild purgative and against eczema.

The roots from the coast of Amu Darya had a particular place in the old prescriptions. The roots from Kunyaurgench and Termez too were highly valued due to their medicinal properties. Licorice root decoction is an effective phytopreparation and it was recommended for 83% of patients with pathology of lungs, 64% with diseases of gallbladder, 54.6% with diseases of cornea, 50% with pathology of kidneys, 50% with pathology of prostate, 30% with pathology of ovaries, 33% with pathology of pancreas, and 20% with autoimmune thyroiditis. The maximal effect of licorice root decoction was observed in patients with pathology of lungs; the minimal effect is in patients with autoimmune thyroiditis.

The long-term experiment on the improvement of the state of natural licorice thickets as well as information on the loss of its unique natural habitat have been well evaluated together with ecological and biological features of this agrocenoses. Its development into an industrial crop and all botanical characteristics of introduced forms together with recommendations for improving the natural herbage of this plant have been evaluated. The Turks, Persians, Tibetans, Indians, and Arabs have prepared drugs from this root and these were used for the treatment of several diseases. The roots collected from the coast of Amu Darya had a special place in the old prescriptions, and the same is true for those collected from Kunyaurgench and Termez.

Keywords

Glycyrrhiza G. glabra Turkmenistan Distribution Medicinal uses 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Svetlana A. Pleskanovskaya
    • 1
  • Maya A. Mamedova
    • 1
  • Mehri A. Ashiraliyeva
    • 1
  • Volkan Altay
    • 2
  • Munir Ozturk
    • 3
    • 4
  1. 1.State Medical University of TurkmenistanAshgabatTurkmenistan
  2. 2.Biology Department, Faculty of Science and ArtsHatay Mustafa Kemal UniversityHatayTurkey
  3. 3.Vice President of the Islamic World Academy of SciencesAmannJordan
  4. 4.Department of Botany, Centre for Environmental StudiesEge UniversityIzmirTurkey

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