Advertisement

Rural Space Between Marginality and Centrality. Approaches to Marginality Issues in Rural Areas

  • Walter LeimgruberEmail author
  • Chang-yi David Chang
Chapter
Part of the Perspectives on Geographical Marginality book series (PGEO, volume 4)

Abstract

Rural areas and their inhabitants are often considered as being at the margin of societies. However, this is a myopic perspective as it ignores the key role the rural space plays for humanity as provider of primary products (food and others). Also, it serves human recreation and is vital for the natural ecosystem. Playing off urban versus rural spaces is therefore a wrong debate because in reality there is often no clear distinction between the two; rather they merge in the zone of rurban transition. Besides, town and countryside are complementary and essential for human societies.

Keywords

Rural–urban continuum Biodiversity Definition of marginality 

References

  1. Aru, S., & Puttilli, M. (2014). Formi, spazi e tempi di marginalità. Un itinerario concettuale, Bollettina della Società Geografica Italiana, Serie XIII, vol VII, fascicolo 1, pp. 5–16.Google Scholar
  2. Bomford, M. (2010). Energy and vertical farms. Energy Farms (December 2, 2010). https://energyfarms.wordpress.com/2010/12/02/energy-and-vertical-farms/. Accessed January 31, 2017.
  3. Borras, S. M., Jr., & Franco, J. C. (2012). Global land grabbing and trajectories of agrrian change: A preliminary analysis. Journal of Agrarian Change, 12(1), 34–59.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Bull, C., Daniel, P., & Hopkinson, M. (1984). The geography of rural resources. Edinburgh: Oliver & Boyd.Google Scholar
  5. Cho, S., Kim, A., & Mor Barak, M. E. (2017). Does diversity matter? Explorying workforce diversity, diversity management, and organizational performance in social enterprises. Asian Social Work and Policy Review, 11, 193–204.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Coleman, A., & Catling, S. (1982). Patterns on the map: 1. Introductory handbook. Sheffield: The Geographical Association.Google Scholar
  7. Cullen, B. (2003). Management of Western Australia’s land: Who is in charge? In Leimgruber W., Majoral R. and Lee C.-W. (Es. 2003): Policies and strategies in marginal regions. Summary and evaluations, Aldershot, Ashgate, (pp. 138–148).Google Scholar
  8. Edwards, P. J., & Abivardi, C. (1998). The value of biodiversity: Where ecology and economy blend. Biological Conservation, 83(3), 239–246.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Gaitzsch, S. (2018). Une ferme souterraine en plein Paris. Un start-up a investi und ancien parking pour cultiver endives, champignons et jeunes pousses, La Liberté (Fribourg/CH), 4 mai 2018, p. 33.Google Scholar
  10. Gotor, E., Bellon, A., Polar, V., & Caracciolo, F. (2017). Assessing the benefits of Andean crop diversity on farmers’ livelihood: Insights from a development programme in Bolivia and Peru. Journal of International Development, 29, 877–898.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Gray, A. (1999). Indigenous peoples, their environments and territories. Introduction. In UNEP 1999 (pp. 61–66).Google Scholar
  12. Gurung, G. S., & Kollmair, M. (2007). Marginality: Concepts and their limitations, NCCR North-South Dialogue, 12. Bern, Switzerland, NCCR North-South (first published 2005).Google Scholar
  13. Kirk, W. (1980). The rural-urban continuum: Perception and reality. In G. Enyedi & J. Mézaróz (Eds.), Development of settlement systems, Studies in Geography in Hungary (Vol. 15, pp. 11–19). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó.Google Scholar
  14. Lazarus, E. D. (2014). Land grabbing as a driver of environmental change. Area, 46(1), 74–82.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Lee, B., Binns, T., & Dixon, A. (2010). The dynamics of urban agriculture in Hanoi, Vietnam. In: W. Leimgruber, E. Nel, Y. Matsuo, T. Binns, R. Chand, B. Cullen, D. Lynch, & P. K. Pradhan (Eds.), Geographical marginality as a global issue (Vol. 5, pp. 41–51, CD-Rom). Dunedin, New Zealand: Department of Geography, University of Otago.Google Scholar
  16. Leimgruber W. (1994), Marginality and marginal regions: Problems of definition. In: C. D. Chang (Ed.), Marginality and development issues in marginal regions. Proceedings of the IGU Study Group ‘Development issues in marginal regions’ (pp. 1–18). Taipei: National Taiwan University.Google Scholar
  17. Leimgruber, W. (2004a). Between global and local. Marginality and marginal regions in the context of globalization and deregulation. Ashgate: Aldershot.Google Scholar
  18. Leimgruber, W. (2004b). The right to diversity: Human rights from a geographical point of view. In A. Bohnet & M. Höher (Eds.), The role of minorities in the development process (pp. 21–36). Schriften zur Internationalen Entwicklungs- und Umweltforschung 4. Giessen.Google Scholar
  19. Leimgruber, W. (2012). Marginality. In M. Juergensmeyer & H. Anheier (Eds.), Encyclopedia of Global studies. Sage Publications.Google Scholar
  20. López, A. (2004). Population movements, environmental change and social conflicts in the Brazilian Amaziuon. In J. Unruh, M. S. Krol, & N. Kliot (Eds. 2004), Environmental change and its implications for population migration (Vol. 20, pp. 145–163). Advances in Global Change Research, Dordrecht, Kluwer.Google Scholar
  21. Lovelock, J. (2006). The revenge of Gaia. Why the Earth is fighting back—and how we can still save humanity. London: Allan Lane.Google Scholar
  22. Meir, A. (1999). Local government among marginalized ex-nomads: The Israeli Bedouin and the state. In H. Jussila, R. Majoral & F. Delgado-Cravidão (Eds. 2001), Globalization and marginality in geographical space. Political, economic and social issues of development in the new millennium, Aldershot, Ashgate (pp. 101–119).Google Scholar
  23. Moyo, D. (2012). Winner take all. China’s race for resources and what it means for us. London: Penguin.Google Scholar
  24. Nel, E., & Binns, T. (2010). Evaluating local economic development initiatives in South Africa: Evidence from the cities. In W. Leimgruber, E. Nel, Y. Matsuo, T. Binns, R. Chand, B. Cullen, D. Lynch, & Pradhan P. K. (Eds.), Geographical marginality as a global issue (Vol. 5, pp. 52–71 CD-Rom). Dunedin, New Zealand: Department of Geography, University of Otago.Google Scholar
  25. Perez de Cuellar, J. (1996). Our creative diversity. Report of the World Commission on Culture and Development (2nd ed). Paris: UNESCO.Google Scholar
  26. Pfirsch, T. (2014). I margini nel cuore dei “Quartieri bene”? Bollettina della Società Geografica Italiana, Serie XIII, vol VII, fascicolo 1, pp. 113–129.Google Scholar
  27. Rodionova, Z. (2017). Inside London’s first underground farm. The Independent (February 3, 2017).Google Scholar
  28. Rullo, M. C., Saviori, A., & D’Odorico, P. (2013). Global land and water grabbing. PNAS (January 15, 2013), pp. 892–897. www.pnas.org/cgi/doi/10.11073/pnas.1213163110.
  29. Schmidt, M. (2007). Some reflectons on the definition and delimitation of geographical marginality. In G. Jones, W. Leimgruber, & E. Nel (Eds.), Issues in geographical marginality. General and theoretical aspects (pp. 34–43, CD-Rom). Grahamstown, South Africa: Rhodes University.Google Scholar
  30. Scott, P. (2001). People who were not there but are now! Aboriginality in Tasmania. In H. Jussila, R. Majoral, & F. Delgado-Cravidão (Eds. 2001), Globalization and marginality in geographical space. Political, economic and social issues of development in the new millennium, Aldershot, Ashgate (pp. 248–266).Google Scholar
  31. SDC. (2007). Securing enough food for all. Berne: Swiss Development Corporation.Google Scholar
  32. SDC. (2018). How mobiles change smallholder farmers’ lives, York Global Brief 1/2018. Berne: Swiss Development Corporation.Google Scholar
  33. Sharma, A. (2012). The persistence of the rural, Paper delivered in December 2012, seminar ASSAM: UNSTABLE PEACE, a symposium on politics, society, culture and the challenges of reconciliation. http://www.india-seminar.com/2012/640/640_amiya_sharma.htm. Accessed February 04, 2017.
  34. Shiva, V. (1993). Monocultures of the mind. Perspectives on biodiversity and biotechnology. London and New York: ZED Books; Penang: Third world Network.Google Scholar
  35. United Nations. (2015). World urbanization prospects. The 2014 revision. New York: United Nations.Google Scholar
  36. UN General Assembly. (2014). Report of the open working group of the general assembly on sustainable development goals, Document A/68/970. New York: United Nations.Google Scholar
  37. UN Millennium Project. (2005). Investing in development: A practical plan to achieve the millennium development goals. New York: United Nations.Google Scholar
  38. UNDP. (2015). Human development report 2015. Work for development. New York: United Nations Development Programme.Google Scholar
  39. UNEP. (1999). Cultural and spiritual values of biodiversity. Nairobi: United Nations Environmental Programme.Google Scholar
  40. Venkataraman, B. (2008). Country, the city version. Farms in the sky gain new interest. The New York Times (July 15, 2008). http://www.nytimes.com/2008/07/15/science/15farm.html. Accessed January 31, 2017.
  41. Wood, T. F. (1987). Thinking in geography. Geography, 72(4), 289–299.Google Scholar
  42. World Commission on Environment and Development. (1987). Our common future. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of Fribourg/CHFribourgSwitzerland
  2. 2.National Taiwan UniversityTaipeiTaiwan
  3. 3.Dharma Drum Institute of Liberal ArtsTaipeiTaiwan

Personalised recommendations