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Reducing Sulfur Emissions: Logistical and Environmental Considerations

  • Thalis P. V. ZisEmail author
  • Harilaos N. Psaraftis
Chapter

Abstract

In recent years the issue of sulfur emissions from maritime transport has seen newfound attention. This chapter presents an overview of the main issues of sulfur emissions and the legislative framework that seeks to reduce the sulfur footprint of the maritime sector. It also analyzes potential modal shifts toward less efficient land-based modes which may happen as a result of sulfur regulations and investigates the related potential economic damage to ship operators. To that effect, this chapter presents findings from a recently finished project at DTU and the developed methodological framework that can be used to estimate such modal shifts, as well as to measure the efficacy of policy and ship operators’ measures to reverse such shifts.

Abbreviations

BAF

Bunker adjustment factor

CBA

Cost-benefit analysis

CO

Carbon monoxide

CO2

Carbon dioxide

EC

European Commission

EEDI

Energy Efficiency Design Index

ETS

Emission trading system

EU

European Union

GHG

Greenhouse gas

HFO

Heavy fuel oil

IMO

International Maritime Organization

LNG

Liquefied natural gas

MDO

Marine diesel oil

MGO

Marine gas oil

NOx

Nitrogen oxides

Ro-Pax

Ro-Ro with passengers

Ro-Ro

Roll-on roll-off

SECA

Sulfur Emission Control Area

SOx

Sulfur oxides

SSS

Short sea shipping

WHO

World Health Organization

Notes

Acknowledgments

Much of the work presented in this chapter is in the context of the project: “Mitigating and reversing the side-effects of environmental legislation on Ro-Ro shipping in Northern Europe” (also known as the RoRoSECA project) funded by the Danish Maritime Fund and the Orients Fund. We are grateful to Poul Woodall of DFDS whom we worked with in this project, for the provision of data and valuable input and discussions in producing this work.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.DTU Management EngineeringTechnical University of DenmarkKongens LyngbyDenmark

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