ICT for Sustainable Shipping

  • Kay FjørtoftEmail author
  • Svein Peder Berge


When Titanic hit an iceberg off the coast of Newfoundland in 1912, information about drifting icebergs had not reached the ship officers and navigators, and it took a long time before nearby vessels received a request for assistance. Maxim Gorkiy, which sailed into an ice belt southwest of Svalbard in 1989, experienced a similar lack of information. The hull was damaged, and passengers, crew, and ships were rescued due to extremely good weather conditions and courageous on-scene commanders. For both accidents, had the navigators on board received information in time, they would have been able to choose another and safer route, and the accidents could have been avoided.

From the Titanic days up to now, the ICT maturity has grown rapidly. We are also heading for digital transformation in shipping, that we do not know the consequences of, but we know that shipping sector will be changed, and the ICT will be one of the most important driving factors for sustainability. In parallel with the development, we must ensure that the human interactions will be taken care of. Therefore, the introduction of new technology should include the “human in the loop,” the user aspects, and must have focus on the integration between Man, Technology, and Organization (MTO).

In this chapter we will describe some of the central ICT solutions used for sustainable shipping and the way they are operated and give examples on existing and future trends that influence sustainability where the ICT’s role in the process is elaborated.



Commitment, competence, continuous learning, collaboration


Artificial intelligence


Automatic identification systems


Augmented reality


British petroleum


Computational fluid dynamics


Digital Nautical Charts


Digital selective calling


Electronic Chart Display and Information System


Electronic Navigational Charts


The convention on facilitation of international maritime traffic


Global Maritime Distress and Safety System


Gross tonnage


Integrated alarm and monitoring systems


Integrated automation system


Information and communication technologies


International Maritime Organization


Integrated operations


Internet of Things


Integrated planning and logistics


Information technology


Intelligent transport systems


Maritime Information Management System


Maritime Single Window


Man, Technology, and Organization


Operational technology


Port community system


Revolution per minute


Satellite AIS


Single window


Terminal Operating System


Trade Single Window


Virtual reality


Vessel Traffic Management and Information Services


Vessel traffic services


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.SINTEF Ocean ASTrondheimNorway

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