Traumatic events are experienced by most people at some point in their life. Following a traumatic event, most individuals will return to their previous functioning, and some feel an increased sense of efficacy. However, others experience adverse psychological and behavioral effects. These effects include distress reactions, health risk behaviors, and psychiatric disorders. Workplace traumatic events and responses most studied include workplace violence, accidents, occupational exposures, and disasters. Prevention measures which reduce exposure to workplace trauma are optimal. Individuals exposed to traumatic events will benefit from the use of prompt, evidence-based interventions. Many will seek and benefit from self-help interventions and peer support, but some may need formal assessment and treatment through employee assistance programs and healthcare. Effective prevention and treatment can improve well-being, enhance performance, and optimize retention.
KeywordsWork Trauma Accident Violence
Disclaimer: The views expressed are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Department of Defense, the Uniformed Services University, the Department of Health and Human Services, or the US Public Health Service.
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