The Normal Physiology of Pregnancy: Neurological Implications
Physiologic changes in pregnancy encompass a wide variety of organ system adaptations that support the developing fetus and prepare the mother’s body for childbirth. Some physiologic changes mimic pathologic changes, while others put mothers at risk for medical complications. In the following chapter we highlight pertinent changes in maternal physiology by organ system and how these changes contribute to common neurologic disease states.
KeywordsMaternal physiology Maternal health Neurological disease in pregnancy Physiology of pregnancy
- 1.Gaiser R. Chestnut’s obstetric anesthesia: principles and practice, fifth edition: physiologic changes in pregnancy fifth edition ed. Philadelphia; Elsevier. 2014.Google Scholar
- 9.Barron WM, Durr JA, Schrier RW, Lindheimer MD. Role of hemodynamic factors in osmoregulatory alterations of rat pregnancy. Am J Phys. 1989;257(4 Pt 2):R909–16.Google Scholar
- 10.Irons DW, Baylis PH, Davison JM. Effect of atrial natriuretic peptide on renal hemodynamics and sodium excretion during human pregnancy. Am J Phys. 1996;271(1 Pt 2):F239–42.Google Scholar
- 14.Institute of Medicine. Iron deficiency anemia: Recommended guidelines for the prevention, detection, and management among US children and women of childbearing age. https://www.nap.edu/catalog/2251/iron-deficiency-anemia-recommended-guidelines-for-the-prevention-detection-and. Accessed on 22 Nov 2017.
- 23.Suresh M. Shnider and Levinson’s anesthesia for obstetrics. Lippincott Williams &Wilkins; 2013.Google Scholar
- 27.Harden CL, Hopp J, Ting TY, et al. Practice parameter update: management issues for women with epilepsy – focus on pregnancy (an evidence-based review): obstetrical complications and change in seizure frequency: report of the quality standards subcommittee and therapeutics and technology assessment subcommittee of the american academy of neurology and american epilepsy society. Neurology. 2009;73(2):126–32.PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar