Advertisement

Intelligent Control Systems for Carbon Monoxide Detection in IoT Environments

  • Champa Nandi
  • Richa Debnath
  • Pragnaleena Debroy
Chapter
Part of the Computer Communications and Networks book series (CCN)

Abstract

Carbon Monoxide (CO) is a ubiquitous product of partial burning of materials containing carbon. It is a poisonous gas, inhalation of which causes headache, nausea, dizziness which may sometimes lead to death. Thus, safety and security of human being from CO is of paramount significance. Designing a carbon monoxide detection system has, therefore, become very much essential to prevent such serious incidents. This chapter discusses the design and implementation of a secure and cost-effective real-time carbon monoxide detection and control system for living environments (e.g., air-conditioned rooms, factory spaces, and automobiles) by using embedded intelligent control mechanisms. The chapter provides a basic overview of the carbon monoxide gas, its sources and effects, related carbon monoxide gas sensors, and embedded intelligent controllers. The chapter also illustrates a review of various accidental cases due to exposure to CO and discusses a mathematical model for the embedded intelligent controllers. Lastly, a brief description of the software and hardware implementation of the embedded intelligence in an IoT platform has also been discussed. The chapter concludes with the significant contribution of this system by suggesting future research opportunities in this field.

Keywords

Carbon monoxide CO Sensor Embedded intelligent controller CO gas sensor Electrochemical sensors Infrared sensors Optical sensors IoT GPS GSM 

References

  1. 1.
    Patil SS, Singh J (2015) Monitoring and controlling of hazardous gases inside vehicle and alerting using GSM technology. Int J Adv Res Comput Sci Softw EngGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Greiner TH (1997) Carbon monoxide poisoning: dangers, detection, response, and poisoning (AEN-193). Department of Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering, Iowa State University. https://www.abe.iastate.edu/extension-and-outreach/carbon-monoxide-poisoning-dangers-detection-response-and-poisoning-aen-193. Accessed Apr 1997
  3. 3.
    Indiana Department of Environmental Management (2014) Criteria pollutants: carbon monoxide (CO), fact sheet. https://www.in.gov/idem/files/factsheet_air_quality_co.pdf. Accessed Apr 2014
  4. 4.
    Minnesota Department of Health (2018) Carbon monoxide (CO) poisoning in your home. http://www.health.state.mn.us/divs/eh/indoorair/co/. Accessed 7 Apr 2018
  5. 5.
    Committee on Carbon Monoxide Episodes in Meteorological and Topographical Problem Areas, National Research Council (2002) The ongoing challenge of managing carbon monoxide pollution in fairbanks, alaska, sources and effects of carbon monoxide emission. National Academic Press. https://www.nap.edu/read/10378/chapter/3
  6. 6.
    Sathitkunarat S, Wongwises P, Aram RP, Meigen Z (2006) Carbon monoxide emission and concentration models for Chiang Mai urban area. SpringerGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Galatsis K, Wlodarski W (2006) Car cabin air quality sensors and systems. American Scientific PublishersGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Nordqvist C (2017) Carbon monoxide, the Silent Killer. Medical News Today. https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/171876.php. Accessed 11 Dec 2017
  9. 9.
    Universal Security Instrument, INC. (2014) What are some common sources of carbon monoxide (CO)? http://www.universalsecurity.com/faqs/carbon-monoxide-alarm/what-are-some-common-sources-of-carbon-monoxide-co
  10. 10.
    Meena MC (2014) Accidental death due to carbon monoxide: case report. Int J Med Toxicol Forensic MedGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Kumar A, Rautji R (2010) Fatal unintentional carbon monoxide poisoning inside a frances garage a case report. J Indian Acad Forensic MedGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Cheow SH, Chang CT (1975) Carbon monoxide poisoning in Singapore. Singapore Med J, 175Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Fleming R, Fleming AA (2001) Automobile carbon monoxide detection and control device. US Patent 6,208, 256 B1, Mar 2001Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Phillips F (2000) Automotive carbon monoxide detection system. US Patent 6,057,755, May 2000Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Brooks EC et al (1994) Carbon monoxide concentration indicator and alarm. US Patent 5,276,434, Jan 1994Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    James RC, Cherney DM (1994) Carbon monoxide sensor and control for motor vehicles. US Patent 5,333,703, Aug 1994Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Murphy RF (1996) Carbon monoxide safety system. US Patent 5,576,739, Nov 1996Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Marhulies S (1998) Carbon monoxide detection system for motor vehicles. US Patent 5,739,756, Apr 1998Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Stern DA (2000) System for detecting and purging carbon monoxide, US Patent 6,110,038, Aug 2000Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Milton R, Steed A (2007) Mapping carbon monoxide using GPS tracked sensors. SpringerGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Milton R, Steed A (2005) Correcting GPS readings from a tracked mobile sensor. SpringerGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Jay Markanich (2018) Where should i put a carbon monoxide detector? Jay Markanich Real Estate Inspections, LLC. http://www.jaymarinspect.com/carbon-monoxide-detector.html
  23. 23.
    Copland & Son (2018) An introduction to carbon monoxide (CO). Air Conditioning And Heating Service, INC. https://www.copelandandson.com/webapp/p/248/introduction-to-carbon-monoxide. Accessed Apr 2018
  24. 24.
    Gas Networks Ireland (2018) What is carbon monoxide (CO), carbon monoxide the facts. http://www.carbonmonoxide.ie/htm/whatis.htm. Accessed Apr 2018
  25. 25.
    CarbonMonoxideKills.com (2016) Carbon monoxide poising. http://www.carbonmonoxidekills.com/are-you-at-risk/carbon-monoxide-poisoning. Accessed Apr 2018
  26. 26.
    CarbonMonoxideKills.com (2016) Carbon monoxide in cigarettes. http://www.carbonmonoxidekills.com/are-you-at-risk/carbon-monoxide-in-cigarettes/. Accessed Apr 2018
  27. 27.
  28. 28.
    Woodford C (2017) How do catalytic converters work? Explain That Stuff! http://www.explainthatstuff.com/catalyticconverters.html. Accessed 15 June 2017
  29. 29.
    Greiner TH (1998) Carbon monoxide poisoning: vehicles (AEN-208). Department of Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering, Iowa State University. https://www.abe.iastate.edu/extension-and-outreach/carbon-monoxide-poisoning-vehicles-aen-208/. Accessed Sept 1998
  30. 30.
    Science Daily (2017) Warmed up and raring to go: What happens when a car starts in the cold? https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2017/12/171205091937.htm. Accessed 5 Dec 2017
  31. 31.
    Lowa State University (1999) Carbon monoxide. https://www.extension.iastate.edu/Pages/communications/CO/co1.html
  32. 32.
    Laukkonen J (2018) How to avoid carbon monoxide poisoning in your car, lifewire. https://www.lifewire.com/avoid-carbon-monoxide-poisoning-in-car-4134877. Accessed 19 Feb 2018
  33. 33.
    Blumenthal I (2001) Carbon monoxide poisoning. J R Soc MedGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    CO Knowledge Centre (2018) CO health risk. https://www.detectcarbonmonoxide.com/co-health-risks/. Accessed Apr 2018
  35. 35.
    Bhuyan PJ (2014) Techie commits suicide by sniffing carbon monoxide, DNA. http://www.dnaindia.com/india/report-techie-commits-suicide-by-sniffing-carbon-monoxide-2020511. Accessed 22 Sept 2014
  36. 36.
    Hindustan Times (2014) Delhi car deaths: Here’s what you should know about carbon monoxide poisoning. https://www.hindustantimes.com/health-and-fitness/delhi-car-deaths-here-s-what-you-should-know-about-carbon-monoxide-poisoning/story-IX9jznVOb4sTBlEDdD2DXL.html. Accessed 22 July 2014
  37. 37.
    Pandey JM (2011) AMRI hospital fire: 73 killed, several injured. The Times of India City. https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/kolkata/AMRI-hospital-fire-73-killed-several-injured/articleshow/11044875.cms. Accessed 9 Dec 2011
  38. 38.
    Wikipedia (2018) Gas detector. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gas_detector
  39. 39.
    Hanwel Electronics (2019) Technical Data MQ-7 gas sensor. www.sparkfun.com/datasheets/Sensors/Biometric/MQ-7.pdf. Accessed Mar 2018
  40. 40.
    GitHub Inc. (2018) MQ-9 gas sensor data sheet. https://raw.githubusercontent.com/SeeedDocument/Grove-Gas_Sensor/…/MQ-9.pdf. Accessed Mar 2018
  41. 41.
    FIGARO (2007) TGS 2442 gas sensor data sheet. https://cdn.sos.sk/productdata/af/2e/9901fb15/tgs-2442.pdf. Accessed July 2007
  42. 42.
    FIGARO (2005) TGS 3870 gas sensor data sheet. www.diltronic.com/wordpress/wp-content/uploads/TGS_3870.pdf
  43. 43.
    Veluri SS, Prabhudesai S (2017) Cypress semiconductor, in-cabin carbon monoxide sensing for automotive applicationsGoogle Scholar
  44. 44.
    Martian Rover Project (2018) Passive sensors. http://users.polytech.unice.fr/~pmasson/rover-sensors.php
  45. 45.
    SGX (2009) sensortech performance, EC4-500-CO Carbon Monoxide Electrochemical Sensor data sheet. https://www.sgxsensortech.com/content/uploads/2014/07/EC4-500-CO1.pdf
  46. 46.
    CiTiceL (2016) 4CM Carbon monoxide data sheet. https://www.shawcity.co.uk/documents/SensorPDFs2017/CO-4CM.pdf
  47. 47.
    Gurbuz Y, Kang WP, Davidson JL, Kerns DV (1999) A new diode-based carbon monoxide gas sensor utilizing Pt–SnOx/diamond. ElsevierGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Champa Nandi
    • 1
  • Richa Debnath
    • 1
  • Pragnaleena Debroy
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Electrical EngineeringTripura UniversitySuryamaninagarIndia

Personalised recommendations