Lung Infiltrates in Post-Operative Lung Transplant Patients: Pneumonia, Rejection or Edema?

  • Siddhartha G. Kapnadak
  • Erika D. Lease
  • Michael S. MulliganEmail author
Part of the Difficult Decisions in Surgery: An Evidence-Based Approach book series (DDSURGERY)


While lung transplantation is a potentially life-saving therapeutic option for many patients with end-stage pulmonary disease, overall outcomes remain inferior to recipients of other solid organ transplants. The immediate post-operative period presents a particularly high risk time for this extremely vulnerable population with a wide array of possible early complications including infection, rejection, pulmonary edema, primary graft dysfunction, bleeding, wound and airway complications, and venous thromboembolism. This chapter reviews important diagnostic considerations for lung transplant recipients with pulmonary infiltrates in the immediate post-operative period, specifically pertaining to infection, rejection, and pulmonary edema.


Lung transplant Postoperative Pulmonary infection Rejection Pulmonary edema 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Siddhartha G. Kapnadak
    • 1
  • Erika D. Lease
    • 1
  • Michael S. Mulligan
    • 2
    Email author
  1. 1.Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care MedicineUniversity of Washington School of MedicineSeattleUSA
  2. 2.Division of Cardiothoracic SurgeryUniversity of Washington School of MedicineSeattleUSA

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