Advertisement

The Work of Significant Other/s: Companion Animal Relationships in the Future

  • Nik TaylorEmail author
  • Heather Fraser
Chapter
  • 193 Downloads
Part of the Palgrave Studies in Animals and Social Problems book series (PSASP)

Abstract

In this book we have considered how human-animal companionship in the context of domestic violence might be better understood. Most importantly this has involved advocating for an intersectional feminist understanding of domestic violence inclusive of species concerns. Part of this has involved us arguing for a new iteration of The Link, one that allows for animals to be constituted as victims of domestic violence in their own right. As one part of this involves raising awareness of animal victims of domestic violence, in this final chapter we reflect on historical changes associated with feminists making domestic violence a public, not just a personal, problem. Our interest in the love, empathy, and healing possibilities of human-animal companionship that has been evident throughout this book continues in this chapter through our discussion of the need to value the labour that companion animals perform, especially their emotion work. Recognising their labour necessitates us thinking about what companion animals might get out of their relationships with humans and whether they are ‘voiceless.’ In practical terms, we must also think about the necessary provisions for animals in the context of domestic violence, including suitable housing for human and animal victims. For illustrative and inspirational purposes, we point to several current relevant policy and programme examples. We end with a discussion of six key commitments that need to be shown by humans towards companion animals for the notion of the significant other to become truly meaningful.

References

  1. Alexander, R. (1993). Wife-battering – An Australian perspective. Journal of Family Violence, 8(3), 229–251.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Allen, K., Blascovich, J., & Mendes, W. B. (2002). Cardiovascular reactivity and the presence of pets, friends, and spouses: The truth about cats and dogs. Psychosomatic Medicine, 64(5), 727–739.Google Scholar
  3. Amiot, C., Bastian, B., & Martens, P. (2016). People and companion animals: It takes two to tango. Bioscience, 66(7), 552–560.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Animal Welfare Institute. (2018). Safe Havens Mapping Project for pets of domestic violence. https://awionline.org/content/safe-havens-mapping-project-pets-domestic-violence-victims
  5. Ascione, F. R., Weber, C. V., Thompson, T. M., Heath, J., Maruyama, M., & Hayashi, K. (2007). Battered pets and domestic violence: Animal abuse reported by women experiencing intimate violence and by nonabused women. Violence Against Women, 13, 354–373.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Banks, M. R., & Banks, W. A. (2002). The effects of animal-assisted therapy on loneliness in an elderly population in long-term care facilities. The Journals of Gerontology Series A: Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences, 57(7), M428–M432.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Breiding, M. J., & Armour, B. S. (2015). The association between disability and intimate partner violence in the United States. Annals of Epidemiology, 25(6), 455–457.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Briefer, E., & McElligott, A. (2013). Rescued goats at a sanctuary display positive mood after former neglect. Applied Animal Behaviour Science, 146(1), 45–55.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Bunting, L., Lazenbatt, A., & Wallace, I. (2010). Information sharing and reporting systems in the UK and Ireland: Professional barriers to reporting child maltreatment concerns. Child Abuse Review, 19, 187–202.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Cancian, F., & Oliker, S. (2000). Caring and gender. Walnut Creek: AltaMira Press.Google Scholar
  11. Cheers, B., Binell, M., Coleman, H., Gentle, I., Miller, G., Taylor, J., & Weetra, C. (2006). Family violence: An Australian Indigenous community tells its story. International Social Work, 49(1), 51–63.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Corvo, K., & Johnson, P. J. (2003). Vilification of the “batterer”: How blame shapes domestic violence policy and interventions. Aggression and Violent Behavior, 8(3), 259–281.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Coulter, K. (2016a). Animals, work, and the promise of interspecies solidarity. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Coulter, K. (2016b). Beyond human to humane: A multispecies analysis of care work, its repression, and its potential. Studies in Social Justice, 10(2), 199–219.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Coulter, K. (2016c). Humane jobs: A political economic vision for interspecies solidarity and human–animal wellbeing. Politics and Animals, 2(1), 67–77.Google Scholar
  16. Coulter, K. (forthcoming). Horses’ labour and work-lives: New intellectual and ethical directions. In J. Bornemark, U. von Essen, & P. Andersson (Eds.), Horsecultures: Ethical questions. Routledge.Google Scholar
  17. Crockett, C., Brandl, B., & Dabby, F. C. (2015). Survivors in the margins: The invisibility of violence against older women. Journal of Elder Abuse & Neglect, 27(4–5), 291–302.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Donaldson, S., & Kymlicka, W. (2015). Farmed animal sanctuaries: The heart of the movement? Politics and Animals, 1(1), 50–74.Google Scholar
  19. England, P., Budig, M., & Folbre, N. (2002). Wages of virtue: The relative pay of care work. Social Problems, 49(4), 455–473.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Every, D., Smith, K., Smith, B., Trigg, J., & Thompson, K. (2017). How can a donkey fly on the plane? The benefits and limits of animal therapy with refugees. Clinical Psychologist, 21(1), 44–53.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Flynn, C. P. (2000). Woman’s best friend: Pet abuse and the role of companion animals in the lives of battered women. Violence Against Women, 6(2), 162–177.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Fook, J. (2014). The meaning of animals in women’s lives: The importance of the ‘domestic’ realm to social work. In Animals in social work (pp. 18–31). London: Palgrave Macmillan.Google Scholar
  23. Frances, V., & Frances, A. (1976). The incest taboo and family structure. Family Process, 15(2), 235–244.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Fraser, H. (2008). In the name of love: Women’s narratives of love and abuse. Toronto: Women’s Press/Canadian Scholars Press.Google Scholar
  25. Friedman, E., Son, H., & Tsai, C. C. (2010). The animal/human bond: Health and wellness. In A. Fine (Ed.), Handbook on animal-assisted therapy: Theoretical foundations and guidelines for practice (pp. 85–107). Oxford: Academic Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Hamilton, L., & Taylor, N. (2013). Animals at work: Identity, politics and culture in work with animals. Boston/Leiden: Brill.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Hamilton, L., & Taylor, N. (2017). Ethnography after humanism: Power, politics and method in multi-species research. London: Palgrave.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Headey, B. (1999). Health benefits and health cost savings due to pets: Preliminary estimates from an Australian national survey. Social Indicators Research, 47(2), 233–243.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Herd, P., & Meyer, M. (2002). Care work: Invisible civic engagement. Gender & Society, 16(5), 665–688.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Holt, S., Buckley, H., & Whelan, S. (2008). The impact of exposure to domestic violence on children and young people: A review of the literature. Child Abuse & Neglect, 32(8), 797–810.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Hovorka, A. (2015). The gender, place and culture Jan Monk distinguished annual lecture: Feminism and animals: Exploring interspecies relations through intersectionality, performativity and standpoint. Gender, Place & Culture, 22(1), 1–19.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Humphreys, C. (2007). Domestic violence and child protection: Exploring the role of perpetrator risk assessments. Child & Family Social Work, 12, 360–369.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Jewkes, R. (2002). Intimate partner violence: Causes and prevention. The Lancet, 359(9315), 1423–1429.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Kelly, L., & Westmarland, N. (2016). Naming and defining ‘domestic violence’: Lessons from research with violent men. Feminist Review, 112, 113–127.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Krug, E. G., Dahlberg, L. L., Mercy, J. A., Zwi, A. B., & Lozano, R. (Eds.). (2002). World report on violence and health. Geneva: World Health Organization.Google Scholar
  36. Long, D. D., Long, J. H., & Kulkarni, S. J. (2007). Interpersonal violence and animals: Mandated cross-sector reporting. Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare, 34(3), 147–164.Google Scholar
  37. Lucy’s Project. https://lucysproject.com/
  38. McKay, M. (1994). The link between domestic violence and child abuse: Assessment and treatment considerations. Child Welfare, 71(1), 29–39.Google Scholar
  39. McMillan, F. (2017). Behavioral and psychological outcomes for dogs sold as puppies through pet stores and/or born in commercial breeding establishments: Current knowledge and putative causes. Journal of Veterinary Behavior: Clinical Applications and Research, 19, 14–26.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Michau, L., Horn, J., Bank, A., Dutt, M., & Zimmerman, C. (2015). Prevention of violence against women and girls: Lessons from practice. The Lancet, 385(9978), 1672–1684.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Morley, C., & Fook, J. (2005). The importance of pet loss and some implications for services. Mortality, 10(2), 127–143.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Morrison, M. L. (2007). Health benefits of animal-assisted interventions. Complementary Health Practice Review, 12(1), 51–62.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. My Saving Grace. (n.d.). The link between domestic violence and animal abuse. http://www.mysavinggrace.org.au/index.html
  44. Nancarrow, H. (2006). In search of justice for domestic and family violence: Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australian women’s perspectives. Theoretical Criminology, 10(1), 87–106.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. National Link Coalition. (n.d.). Working together to stop violence against people and animals. Retrieved September 24, 2018, from http://nationallinkcoalition.org/
  46. Nicholas, R. F., & Gullone, E. (2001). Cute and cuddly and a whole lot more? A call for empirical investigation into the therapeutic benefits of human–animal interaction for children. Behaviour Change, 18(2), 124–133.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Nixon, J., & Humphreys, C. (2010). Marshalling the evidence: Using intersectionality in the domestic violence frame. Social Politics, 17(2), 137–158.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Pachana, N. A., Ford, J. H., Andrew, B., & Dobson, A. J. (2005). Relations between companion animals and self-reported health in older women: Cause, effect or artifact? International Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 12(2), 103.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Perryman, S. M., & Appleton, J. (2016). Male victims of domestic abuse: Implications for health visiting practice. Journal of Research in Nursing, 21(5–6), 386–414.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Petersen, M. L., & Farrington, D. P. (2007). Cruelty to animals and violence to people. Victims and Offenders, 2, 21–43.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. RedRover: Bring Animals from Crisis to Care. (n.d.). What we do. https://redrover.org/what-we-do/
  52. Renzetti, C. M., & Miley, C. H. (2014). Violence in gay and lesbian domestic partnerships. London: Routledge.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Riggs, D. W., Taylor, N., Signal, T., Fraser, H., & Donovan, C. (2018). People of diverse genders and/or sexualities and their animal companions: Experience of family violence in a bi-national sample. Journal of Family Issues, online first,  https://doi.org/10.1177/0886260518771681.
  54. Risley-Curtiss, C. (2010). Social work practitioners and the human – Companion animal bond: A national study. Social Work, 55(1), 38–46.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. RSPCA (Queensland). (2018). Pets in crisis. http://www.dvconnect.org/pets-in-crisis/
  56. RSPCA (Tasmania). (2016). Safe beds for pets. http://www.rspcatas.org.au/what-we-do/safe-beds-for-pets
  57. Ryan, T. (2011). Animals and social work: A moral introduction. London: Palgrave Macmillan.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. SBS. (2016). Hensioners and the power of therapy animals. The Feed. Retrieved June 24, 2018, from https://www.sbs.com.au/news/the-feed/hensioners-and-the-power-of-therapy-animals. Accessed 20 Aug 2018.
  59. Scholtmeijer, M. (1996). The power of otherness: Animals in women’s fiction. In C. Adams & J. Donovan (Eds.), Animals and women: Feminist theoretical explorations. Durham: Duke University Press.Google Scholar
  60. Signal, T., & Taylor, N. (2008). Propensity to report intimate partner violence in Australia: Community demographics. Behavior and Social Issues, 17(1), 8–19.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. Skeggs, B. (1999). Seeing differently: Ethnography and explanatory power. Australian Educational Researcher, 26(1), 33–53.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. Spivak, G. (1988). Can the subaltern speak? In C. Nelson & L. Grossberg (Eds.), Marxism and the interpretation of culture (pp. 271–313). Basingstoke: Macmillan Education.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. Stöckl, H., March, L., Pallitto, C., & Garcia-Moreno, C. (2014). Intimate partner violence among adolescents and young women: Prevalence and associated factors in nine countries: A cross-sectional study. BMC Public Health, 14(1), 751.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  64. Swanson, R. W. (1984). Battered wife syndrome. Canadian Medical Association Journal, 130(6), 709–712.Google Scholar
  65. Swanston, J., Bowyer, L., & Vetere, A. (2014). Towards a richer understanding of school-age children’s experiences of domestic violence: The voices of children and their mothers. Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 19(2), 184–201.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  66. Taft, A., Hegarty, K., & Flood, M. (2001). Are men and women equally violent to intimate partners? Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health, 25(6), 498–500.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  67. Taylor, S. (2017). Beasts of burden: Animal and disability liberation. New York/London: The New Press.Google Scholar
  68. Taylor, N., Fraser, H., & Riggs, D. W. (2017). Domestic violence and companion animals in the context of LGBT people’s relationships. Sexualities, online first.  https://doi.org/10.1177/1363460716681476
  69. Victorian Government, Rent Fair Victoria: Pets are Welcome. Retrieved September 24, 2018, from https://www.vic.gov.au/rentfair/pets-are-welcome.html
  70. Walsh, F. (2009). Human-animal bonds I: The relational significance of companion animals. Family Process, 48(4), 462–480.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  71. Zasloff, R. L., & Kidd, A. H. (1994). Attachment to feline companions. Psychological Reports, 74(3), 747–752.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  72. Zilney, L. A., & Zilney, M. (2005). Reunification of child and animal welfare agencies: Cross-reporting of abuse in Wellington County, Ontario. Child Welfare, 84(1), 47–66.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of CanterburyChristchurchNew Zealand
  2. 2.School of Public Health and Social WorkQueensland University of TechnologyKelvin GroveAustralia

Personalised recommendations