Memory and Memorialisation

  • Richard CarswellEmail author


This chapter argues that the ‘syndrome of 1940’ (the set of symptoms of the traumatic effects of the defeat of 1940) is less visible than the well-known Vichy syndrome,  because the painful memories of the defeat have been repressed. Moreover, the defeat of 1940 has never been commemorated by the French state. And yet the memory surfaces as the ever-present evidence of the humiliation felt by the French people. Will the new academic consensus on the causes of the military defeat temper this sense of humiliation? Will it heal the syndrome of 1940?


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© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.RichmondUK

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