Testing Difficulties

  • Karl WiderquistEmail author
Part of the Exploring the Basic Income Guarantee book series (BIG)


This chapter discusses several general problems that virtually any experiment in the Universal Basic Income will have to deal with: community effects, long-term effects, the Hawthorne effect, the streetlight effect, and the difficulty of separating the effects of the size and type of program being studied.


Basic income experiments Negative Income Tax experiments Social science experiments Basic income Universal Basic Income Community effects Feedback effects Hawthorne effect Streetlight effect 

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Georgetown University in QatarDohaQatar

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