• Xufan ZhangEmail author
  • Michael Roe


The 9/11 events in 2001 caused worldwide concern about global safety and security. World commerce depends heavily on maritime transport, so its security has attracted great attention. Several major international organisations reacted swiftly to enhance maritime transport safety by strengthening security measures. They produced both voluntary and compulsory rules and programmes, which have been implemented internationally. This chapter introduces consideration of the security of the transfer of non-bulk cargoes within standardised containers. The container shipping system is efficient and economical, but also highly vulnerable to illegal intrusion and misuse. Weapons of mass destruction (WMD), illegal goods and human trafficking can be concealed within containers by terrorists and criminals. Vessels themselves can be used as a weapon in a terrorist attack. In addition, terrorists can operate vessels to finance and support their logistics operations. Within this chapter, the initial concerns facing the industry are outlined along with the structure of the chapters to follow.


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of LogisticsBeijing WuZi UniversityBeijingChina
  2. 2.Graduate School of ManagementPlymouth UniversityPlymouthUK

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