Geometric Accuracy of Machine Tools

  • Michal HolubEmail author
Part of the Materials Forming, Machining and Tribology book series (MFMT)


Geometric accuracy belongs to one of the main parameters of the machine tool. It serves not only for the purpose of machine delivery to the customer or for demonstration of proper service intervention but also for assessment of improvements compared to the current state. The information on geometric accuracy of the machine is also used as a feedback to the machine development. Therefore, increasing the geometric accuracy is a feature of the machine that needs to be constantly improved. This chapter presents geometric accuracy tests, instrumentation and examples of selected procedures to increase the geometric accuracy of CNC machine tools.


  1. 1.
    Janovkych R (2017) Statistical tools in metrology. Brno University of Technology, PresentationGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Marek J et al (2015) Design of CNC machine tools, MM Special. MM Publishing, s.r.o, ISBN: 978-80-260-8637-6Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Taniguchi N (1983) Current status in, and future trends of, ultraprecision machining and ultrafine materials processing. CIRP Ann 32:573–582. Scholar
  4. 4.
    Marek J et al (2018) Design of CNC machine tools IV. MM publishing, s.r.o. ISBN 978-80-906310-8-3Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Hirsch A (2012) Werkzeugmaschinen - Grundlagen, Auslesung, Ausfuhrungsbeispiele. Springer, Berlin. ISBN 978-3-8348-0823-3Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Holub M (2012) Effect of geometrical precision machining centers on the desired characteristics of the goods. Brno University of Technology, Doctoral ThesisGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Liang S, Shih AJ (2016) Analysis of machining and machine tools. Springer US, Boston. Scholar
  8. 8.
    Marek J, Blecha P (2009) Compensation of axes at vertical lathes. In: Recent advances in mechatronics 2008–2009. Springer, Berlin, pp 371–376. ISBN 978-364205021-3CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Ibaraki S, Knapp W (2012) Indirect measurement of volumetric accuracy for three-axis and five-axis machine tools: a review. Int J Autom Technol 6:110–124. Scholar
  10. 10.
    ISO 230-6:2002 (2002) Test code for machine tools—Part 6: determination of positioning accuracy on body and face diagonals (Diagonal displacement tests)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    AFMTechnology (2013) Volumetric compensation of machine tools. Presentation
  12. 12.
    ETALON AG (2014) Multilateration. Presentation
  13. 13.
    Marek T, Holub M (2017) Production machines and equipment. Brno University of Technology, PresentationGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    ETALON AG (2015) TRAC-CAL Drehachsen. PresentationGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Ahn KG, Cho DW (2000) An analysis of the volumetric error uncertainty of a three-axis machine tool by beta distribution. Int J Mach Tools Manuf 40:2235–2248. Scholar
  16. 16.
    Ramesh R, Mannan MA, Poo AN (2000) Error compensation in machine tools—a review: part I: geometric, cutting-force induced and fixture-dependent errors. Int J Mach Tools Manufact 40:1235–1256. Scholar
  17. 17.
    Ibaraki S, Sawada M, Matsubara A, Matsushita T (2010) Machining tests to identify kinematic errors on five-axis machine tools. Precis Eng 34:387–398. Scholar
  18. 18.
    Ramesh R, Mannan M, Poo A (2000) Error compensation in machine tools—a review: part I: geometric, cutting-force induced and fixture-dependent errors. Int J Mach Tools Manuf 40:1235–1256. Scholar
  19. 19.
    Marek T, Marek J (2017) Having a probe is not enough. RENISHAW. ISBN 978-80-87017-20-3Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Linares J-M, Chaves-Jacob J, Schwenke H, Longstaff A, Fletcher S, Flore J, Uhlmann E, Wintering J (2014) Impact of measurement procedure when error mapping and compensating a small CNC machine using a multilateration laser interferometer. Precis Eng 38:578–588. Scholar
  21. 21.
    Holub M, Knobloch J, Pernikar J (2015) GTS—test code for machine tools. Brno University of Technology. PresentationGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Holub M, Knobloch J (2014) Geometric accuracy of CNC machine tools. In: Proceedings of the 16th international conference on mechatronics—mechatronika 2014. IEEE, pp 260–265.
  23. 23.
    Holub M, Blecha P, Bradac F, Kana R (2015) Volumetric compensation of three-axis vertical machining centre. MM Sci J 2015:677–681. Scholar
  24. 24.
    Schwenke H, Franke M, Hannaford J, Kunzmann H (2005) Error mapping of CMMs and machine tools by a single tracking interferometer. CIRP Ann—Manuf Technol 54:475–478. Scholar
  25. 25.
    Wan A, Song L, Xu J, Liu S, Chen K (2018) Calibration and compensation of machine tool volumetric error using a laser tracker. Int J Mach Tools Manuf 124:126–133. Scholar
  26. 26.
    Holub M, Knobloch J (2014) Geometric accuracy of CNC machine tools. In: Proceedings of the 16th international conference on mechatronics, mechatronika 2014, pp 260–265.
  27. 27.
    Holub M, Vetiska J, Bradac F, Vala M (2017) Application on-the-fly measurement of CNC machine tools. MM Sci J 2017:2085–2089. Scholar
  28. 28.
    Holub M, Vetiska J, Knobloch J, Minar P, Blecha P (2017) Methodological procedure of efficient machine tool construction. Brno University of Technology, Certificate 1201/2017Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Production Machines, Systems and Robotics, Faculty of Mechanical EngineeringBrno University of TechnologyBrnoCzech Republic

Personalised recommendations