Advertisement

Introduction

  • Benny Carlson
Chapter
Part of the Palgrave Studies in Economic History book series (PEHS)

Abstract

In times of crisis, demand for government action in general and economic planning in particular is sure to surge. The interwar era is a classic example. After the outbreak of the Great Depression in 1929, demand for planning—in contrast to capitalist market “anarchy”—was voiced in many quarters. And not only voiced. The 1930s was an era of populism, nationalism, protectionism, government intervention and attempts to create planned economies. With the Great Recession of 2008, structural change due to globalization, waves of migration and impending climate change, a new era of populism, nationalism, protectionism and demand for planning has begun. The ambition of this book is to survey the arguments for and against economic planning as they were put forward by leading Swedish economists in the 1930s and to put these arguments into a context of events and inspirational sources. Developments in Sweden were, according to political scientist Leif Lewin’s classic exposition of the debate on economic planning in Sweden, “something extraordinary also from an international perspective”.

Keywords

Economic planning 1930s Great Depression Great Recession Swedish economists 

Notes

Acknowledgements

I am grateful to professors Lars Jonung and Mats Lundahl for their reviews of my manuscript. For any remaining errors, I have to thank myself.

References

  1. Berman, S. “Populism Is a Problem. Elitist Technocrats Aren’t the Solution”. Foreign Policy, December 20, 2017. http://foreignpolicy.com/2017/12/20/populism-is-a-problem-elitist-technocrats-arent-the-solution.
  2. Berman, S. “Against the Technocrats”. Dissent (Winter 2018). https://www.dissentmagazine.org/article/against-technocrats-liberal-democracy-history.
  3. Brennan, J. Against Democracy. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2016.Google Scholar
  4. Budd, A. The Politics of Economic Planning. Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1978.Google Scholar
  5. Carlson, B. The State as a Monster: Gustav Cassel and Eli Heckscher on the Role and Growth of the State. Lanham: University Press of America, 1994.Google Scholar
  6. Carr, E. H., and R. W. Davies. A History of Soviet Russia 9–14: Foundations of a Planned Economy, 1926–1929. London: Macmillan, 1969–1978.Google Scholar
  7. Elmbrant, B. Innan mörkret faller: Ska 30-talet hinna ifatt oss? Stockholm: Atlas, 2017.Google Scholar
  8. Hayek, F. A. von. The Road to Serfdom. London: Routledge, 1944.Google Scholar
  9. Jonung, L. Looking Ahead Through the Rear-View Mirror: Swedish Stabilisation Policy as a Learning Process 1970–1995. Stockholm: Ministry of Finance, 2000.Google Scholar
  10. Klosterman, R. E. “Arguments for and Against Planning”. The Town Planning Review 56(1) (1985): 5–20.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Kowalik, T. “Central Planning”. In The New Palgrave: Problems of the Planned Economy, edited by J. Eatwell, M. Milgate, and P. Newman, 42–50. London and Basingstoke: Macmillan, 1990.Google Scholar
  12. Landgren, K.-G. Den’nya ekonomien’ i Sverige: J. M. Keynes, E. Wigforss, B. Ohlin och utvecklingen 1927–1939. Stockholm: Almqvist & Wiksell, 1960.Google Scholar
  13. Leeman, W. A. (ed.). Capitalism, Market Socialism and Central Planning: Readings in Comparative Economic Systems. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company, 1963.Google Scholar
  14. Lewin, L. “Ideologi och ekonomi”. Tiden 59(10) (1967): 616–628.Google Scholar
  15. Lewin, L. Planhushållningsdebatten. Stockholm: Almqvist & Wiksell, 1967.Google Scholar
  16. Lewin, L. The Debate on the Planned Economy in Sweden: Summary of the Dissertation “Planhushållningsdebatten”. Uppsala (No Publisher/Printer Stated), 1967.Google Scholar
  17. Lewin, L. “Kritisk traditionsförmedling: Ett genmäle”. Statsvetenskaplig Tidskrift 72(1) (1969): 21–42.Google Scholar
  18. Lewin, L. Ideology and Strategy: A Century of Swedish Politics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1988.Google Scholar
  19. Lipson, E. A Planned Economy or Free Enterprise: The Lessons of History. London: Adam & Charles Black, 1946.Google Scholar
  20. Nove, A. “Planned Economy”. In The New Palgrave: Problems of the Planned Economy, edited by J. Eatwell, M. Milgate, and P. Newman, 186–197. London and Basingstoke: Macmillan, 1990.Google Scholar
  21. Ohlin, B. Ung man blir politiker. Stockholm: Bonniers, 1972.Google Scholar
  22. Sainsbury, D. “A Critique of Leif Lewin’s Planhushållningsdebatten”. Statsvetenskaplig Tidskrift 71(2) (1968): 109–125.Google Scholar
  23. Svensson, M. Vad vi kan lära av planekonomin. Stockholm: Timbro, 2017.Google Scholar
  24. Temin, P. “Soviet and Nazi Economic Planning in the 1930s”. Economic History Review 44(4) (1991): 573–593.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Tilton, T. “Gunnar Myrdal and the Swedish Model”. In Gunnar Myrdal and His Works, edited by G. Dostaler, D. Ethier, and L. Lepage, 13–36. Montreal: Harvest House, 1992.Google Scholar
  26. Tingsten, H. Den svenska socialdemokratins utveckling 2. Stockholm: Bokförlaget Aldus/Bonniers, [1941] 1967.Google Scholar
  27. Tingsten, H. “Socialisering och planhushållning”. Tiden 59(8) (1967): 463–476.Google Scholar
  28. Tomlinson, J. “Planning: Debate and Policy in the 1940s”. Twentieth Century British History 3(2) (1992): 154–174.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Wickman, K. Makroekonomisk planering—orsaker och utveckling. Uppsala: Almqvist & Wiksell International, 1980.Google Scholar
  30. Wickman, K. “Eli Heckscher—pionjär utan efterföljare”. In Heckscher, E., Om staten, liberalismen och den ekonomiska politiken: Texter i urval av Kurt Wickman, 11–52. Stockholm: Timbro, 2000.Google Scholar
  31. Wigforss, E. “Den nya ekonomiska politiken”. Ekonomisk Tidskrift 62(3) (1960): 185–194.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Editor(s) (if applicable) and The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Lund UniversityLundSweden

Personalised recommendations