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Endophytic Fungi: Role in Dye Decolorization

  • Lalrokimi Tochhawng
  • Vineet Kumar Mishra
  • Ajit Kumar Passari
  • Bhim Pratap SinghEmail author
Chapter
Part of the Fungal Biology book series (FUNGBIO)

Abstract

Endophytic fungi inhabit plant tissues, in either a symbiotic or mutualistic relationship, without harming the host plant. They are known for the production of secondary metabolites, which shield the host from invading pathogens. Endophytic fungi produce extracellular enzymes like laccases that have a potential role to play in dye decolorization. Dyes are complex organic compounds that are derived from biological, chemical, and physical processes and are useful for all industries, but mainly the textile, leather, paper, and food industries. In contrast, the world faces ecological problems due to the toxicity of synthetic compounds. They are nondegradable and persist for a long time. This chapter focuses on the decolorization of various dyes through endophytic fungi using various processes like biomagnification, biosorption, bioaccumulation, and enzymatic degradation. Moreover, this chapter explains the efficiency of endophytic fungi in the degradation of various dyes, for example, Congo red, methyl orange, methyl red, and crystal violet. Therefore, it is essential to carry out toxicity studies on dye degradation and to develop an eco-friendly technology that may degrade dyes easily.

Keywords

Endophytic fungi Dye Synthetic compound Biosorption Bioaccumulation 

Notes

Acknowledgments

BPS is thankful to the Department of Biotechnology, Government of India, New Delhi, for financial support under DBT’s Unit of Excellence Programme for NE (102/IFD/SAN/4290-4291/2016-2017).

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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lalrokimi Tochhawng
    • 1
  • Vineet Kumar Mishra
    • 1
  • Ajit Kumar Passari
    • 1
  • Bhim Pratap Singh
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Molecular Microbiology and Systematic Laboratory, Department of BiotechnologyMizoram UniversityAizawlIndia

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