Health and Hygiene, 1900–1950

  • Alexandra Barmpouti


The interdependence among war, disease and eugenics is discussed through the paradigm of Greece which encountered five devastating wars during the first half of the twentieth century. The study of the national health policies reflects the agonising task of the Greek state authorities to provide the country with healthy soldiers and healthy workers. As is revealed, emphasis was put on childhood and motherhood protection because the state relied on the new generation for social reconstruction and economic prosperity. These considerations notwithstanding, Barmpouti shows that eugenicists found fertile ground to disseminate their ideas about intervention in reproduction and childcare for racial improvement, too. The views of eugenicists are examined by their own works, most of them published during the interwar period.


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© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alexandra Barmpouti
    • 1
  1. 1.AthensGreece

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