Advertisement

Titanomagnetite Ore in the Chiney Pluton

  • Bronislav Gongalsky
  • Nadezhda Krivolutskaya
Chapter
Part of the Modern Approaches in Solid Earth Sciences book series (MASE)

Abstract

There are two Fe-Ti-V deposits in the Chiney pluton—Magnitnyi and Etyrko. They represent the largest deposits of commercially viable vanadium ore in Russia, with average content of 0.5 wt% V2O5 and 6.3 wt% TiO2 in ores. The Etyrko deposit hosts stratabound, mostly disseminated titanomagnetite, whereas the Magnitnyi deposit consists predominantly of cross-cutting ore veins and irregular bodies in gabbronorite. The Magnitnyi deposit contains about 1.5 billion tons of ore in several orebodies. The major orebodies account for 89.1% of the total ore reserves and 86.1 to 92% of mineable metal reserves. The individual orebodies are between 5.7 m and 26.5 m thick, with the total iron content gradually decreasing westward from 39.4 wt% to 28.9 wt%. Titanomagnetite and ilmenite (the amount of the latter rarely exceeds 10% of the total) are the major ore minerals. According to the Mössbauer spectroscopy, magnetite in the titanomagnetite ore is close to stoichiometric, and titanium is mainly contained in ilmenite (11–13%).

References

  1. Anikina EV, Rusin IA, Filippov VN, Pushkarev EV, SYa B (2002) Noble metal mineralization in ultramafic rocks of Volkovsky intrusion, Middle Ural: minerals and mineral parageneses. In: Ezhegodnik-2002. Institute Geology and Geochemistry, Yekaterinburg, pp 250–260 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  2. Ariskin AA, Fomin IS, Zharkova EV, Kadik AA (2017) Redox conditions during crystallization of ultramafic and gabbroic rocks of the Yoko–Dovyren massif (Based on the results of measurements of intrinsic oxygen fugacity of olivine). Geochemistry International 55(7):595–607CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Balykin PA, Rudnev SN, Izokh AE (1983) Petrology and ore potential of the Yakut gabbroic pluton, northwestern Transbaikalia Region. OIGGM. Siberian Division USSR Acad Sci, Novosibirsk, pp 57–96 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  4. Bykhovsky LZ, Tigunov LP, Zubkov LB (2001) The development of the material base of titanium as an actual task of the mining industry. Mineral Resources of Russia 4:25–36 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  5. Bykhovsky LZ, Pakhomov VF, Turlova MA (2007) Complex ores of titanomagnetite deposits in Russia as a large mineral-raw base of ferrous metallurgy. Razvedka I Okhrana Nedr 6:20–23 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  6. Chechetkin VS (1966) Some features of Cu–Ni mineralization in the Chiney stratified gabbronorite pluton. In: Geology and mineral resources of Transbaikalia. ZabNII, Chita, pp 54–65 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  7. Chechetkin VS, Kharitonov YF (2002) Geology and mineral deposits of the Chita Segment of BAM. Administration of Chita, Chita, p 63 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  8. Chumachenko NM, Nikitina N, Bykov VY, Fedorov VP (2000) Structure of a deposit of V-bearing titanomagnetite ore. Razvedka I Okhrana Nedr 1:33–36 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  9. De Grave E, Van Alboom A (1991) Evaluation of ferrous and ferric Mossbauer fractions. Phys Chem Miner 18:337–342CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Deryabin YA, Smirnov LA, Deryabin AA (1999) Prospects for processing of the Chiney ore. Sredneuralskoe Izdatelstvo, Yekaterinburg, p 367 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  11. Dodin DA, Landa EA, Lazarenkov VG (2003) Platinum-bearing chromite and titanomagnetite deposits. Geoinformmark, Moscow, p 408 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  12. Dyar MD, Agresti D, Schaefer MW, Grant CA, Sklute EC (2006) Mössbauerspectroscopy of earth and planetary materials. Annu Rev Earth Planet Sci 34:83–125CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Eeckhout SG, De Grave E (2003) Evaluation of ferrous and ferric Mossbauer fractions. Part II. Phys Chem Miner 30:142–146CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Fedotova VM, Chechetkin VS, Savchenko AA, Kuzmina LS (1977) Fe–Ti mineralization in the Chiney gabbronorite pluton, Transbaikalia. Soviet Geol 4:136–141 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  15. Fominykh VG (1976) Temperature of titanomagnetite formation based on magnetite-ilmenite thermometer for the Urals deposits. In: Shteinberg DS (ed) Problems of biomineral thermometry. IGG, Sverdlovsk, pp 58–69Google Scholar
  16. Golev VK, Gongalsky BI, Davy MN, Zinoviev YuI, Krivenko VA,Narkekyun LF, Pereyaslovsky IV, Rutstein IG, Sunkinzyan VS, Trubachev AI, Chechetkin VS (1987) Excursion metallogeny of Siberia. In: Krendelev FP (ed) Guidebook of the 11th All-Union Metallogenic conference: Novosibirsk, 81 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  17. Gongalsky BI (2003) A place of chineites (plagioclase–titanomagnetite rocks) in formation of the Chiney layered pluton, Northern Transbaikalia. Bull MOIP Sect Geol 68(2):83–88 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  18. Gongalsky BI (2010) Basic magmatism of the Udokan–Chiney ore district, Northern Transbaikalia. Litosfera 3:87–94 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  19. Gongalsky BI (2015) Deposits of the unique metallogenic province of Northern Transbaikalia. VIMS, Moscow, p 248 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  20. Gongalsky BI, Krivolutskaya NA (1993) The Chiney layered pluton. Nauka, Novosibirsk, p 184 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  21. Gongalsky BI, Krivolutskaya NA, Goleva NG (1995) Ore deposits of the Chiney pluton. In: Laverov NP (ed) Mineral deposits of the Transbaikalia, vol 1. Geoinformmark, Moscow, pp 20–28 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  22. Gongalsky BI, Krivolutskaya NA, Ariskin AA, Nikolaev GS (2008) Inner structure, composition, and genesis of the Chiney anorthosite-gabbronorite massif, Northern Transbaikalia. Geochem Int 46(7):637–665CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Gongalsky BI, Krivolutskaya NA, Ariskin AA, Nikolaev GS (2016) The Chiney gabbronorite-anorthosite layered massif (NorthernTransbaikalia, Russia): its structure, Fe-Ti-V and Cu-PGE deposits, and parental magma composition. Mineral Deposita 51(8):113–1034CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Karpova OB (1979) Typomorphic features of titanomagnetite as an indicator of ore formation conditions. In: Smirnov VI (ed) Formation conditions of magmatic ore deposits. Nauka, Moscow, pp 171–210 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  25. Khisina NP (1987) Subsolidus transformations of solid solutions of rock-forming minerals. Nauka, Moscow, p 207 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  26. Konnikov EG (1978) Precambrian titanium-bearing gabbroids of Northern Transbaikalia. Nauka, Novosibirsk, p 118 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  27. Konnikov EG (1986) Precambrian differentiated mafic–ultramafic complexes in Transbaikalia. Nauka, Novosibirsk, p 224 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  28. Korolenko NV (2001) Raw materials for ferrous metallurgy in Russia. Titanium Razvedka I Okhrana Nedr 11–12:24–28 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  29. Kudryavtseva GP, Garanin VK, Zhilyaeva VA, Trukhin VI (1982) Magnetism and mineralogy of natural ferrimagnetics. MSU, Moscow, p 294 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  30. Kulikov AI, Kryukov VK, Morozova NN, Grechishnikov DN (1980) Ore types of the Chiney titanomagnetite deposits and their compositions. Geol Ore Deposits 22(5):85–88 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  31. Kulikov AI, Golev VK, Grigor’ev VM, Kryukov VK (1981) Geology and titanomagnetite ore of the Chiney gabbroic pluton. In: Vakhromeev SA (ed) Geology, Prospecting and Exploration of Ore Deposits. Irkutsk Polytechnical Institute, Irkutsk, pp 26–35 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  32. Laverov NP, Patyk-Kara NG, Benevolsky BI, Bykhovsky LZ (eds) (1997) Placer deposits of Russia and other CIS countries. Nauchny Mir, Moscow, p 479 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  33. Lebedev AP (1962) The Chiney gabbro–anorthosite pluton, Eastern Siberia. USSR Akad Sci, Moscow, p 100 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  34. Lyutoev VP, Gongalsky BI, Makeev AB, Lysyuk AY, Magazina LO, Taskaev VI (2017) Titanomagnetite ores: mineral composition and Mössbauer spectroscopy. Fortschr Mineral 2:43–65 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  35. Menil F (1985) Systematic trends of the 57Fe Mössbauer isomer shifts in (FeOn) and (FeFn) polyhedra. Evidence of a new correlation between the isomer shift and the inductive effect of the competing bonds T–X (→Fe) (where X is O or F and T any elements with a formal positive charge). J Phys Chem Solid 46(7):763–789CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Nikolaev GS, Ariskin AA, Barmina GS, Nazarov MA (2016) Test of the Ballhaus–Berry–Green Ol–Opx–Sp oxybarometer and calibration of a new equation for estimating the redox state of melts saturated with olivine and spinel. Geochem Int 54(4):301–320CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Ostrovsky IA, Ol’shansky YO (1956) System fayalite – magnetite. Doklady Earth Sci 107(6):881–883 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  38. Pakhomov FP, Tigunov LP, Bykhovsky LZ (2010) Titanomagnetite deposits of Russia. VIMS, Moscow, p 138 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  39. Patnis A, McConnel JDS (1983) Basic features of the behavior of minerals. Mir, Moscow, p 304 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  40. Petrusevich MN (1946) The Chiney titanomagnetite deposit. Soviet Geol 10:91–94 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  41. Polyakov GV (1967) On the regularities of location and formation of magnetite deposits in connection with magmatism (on the example of the central regions of the Altay-Sayan mountain region). In: Dymkin AM (ed) Geology and genesis of magnetite deposits in Siberia. Nauka, Moscow, pp 16–47 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  42. Polyakov GV, Krivenko AP (1981) Features of composition and conditions of formation of gabbroid massifs with titanomagnetite ore specialization. In: Dymkin AM, Baklaev YP (eds) Geology and genesis of ore deposits. IGG, Sverdlovsk, pp 35–40 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  43. Popov VS, Nikiforova NF (2004) Ultramafic, mafic rocks and titanomagnetite ore of the Kachkanar deposit (Middle Ural: integrated petrological model). Geochem Int 42(1):11–25Google Scholar
  44. Reznichenko VA, Shabalin LI (1986) Titanomagnetite. Deposits, metallurgy and chemical technology. Nauka, Moscow, p 295 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  45. Reznichenko VA, Sadykhov BG, Karyazin IA (1997) Titanomagnetite as a material for new model of technology. Metals 6:3–8 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  46. Reznichenko VA, Averin VV, Olyunina TV (2010) Titanates: scientific foundations, technology and production. Izd RAS, Moscow, p 267 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  47. Shabalin LI (2010) Titanomagnetite deposit: geology, genesis and perspectives of exploration. SNIIGIMS, Novosibirsk, p 174 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  48. Shabalin LI, Sharapov VN (1981) Elements of differentiation dynamics of the Chiney gabbroic pluton. In: Velinsky VV (ed) Issues of genetic petrology. Nauka, Novosibirsk, pp 163–180 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  49. Smirnov LA, Tigunov LP, Maslovsky PA, Bykhovsky LZ (2004) Kuranakh ilmenite-titanomagnetite deposit. Sredneuralskoe Izd-vo, Yekaterinburg, p 310 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  50. Tigunov LP, Bykhovsky LZ, Zubkov LB (2005) Titanium ore of Russia: state and perspectives of development. Miner Mater Geol Econ Ser VIMS 17:104 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  51. Trofimov NN, Golubev AI (2008) Pudozhgorskoe noble metal titanomagnetite deposit. Karel Sci Center, Petrozavodsk, p 123 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  52. Wiedenmann A, Regnard JR, Fillion G, Hafner SS (1986) Magnetic properties and magnetic ordering of the orthopyroxenes FexMg1-xSiO3. J Phys C Solid State Phys 19:3683–3695CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Zak Z, Unfried P, Giester G (1994) The rare earth elements: fundamentals and applications. J Alloys Compd 205:235–242CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. Zalutskiy AA, Zalutskaya AA, Sedmov NA, Kuzmin RN (2015) The Mössbauer analysis of iron oxyhydroxides in soils of Earth and Mars. Lithol Miner Dep 50(4):370–298 (in Russian)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bronislav Gongalsky
    • 1
  • Nadezhda Krivolutskaya
    • 2
  1. 1.Institute for Geology of Ore Deposits Petrography, Mineralogy and GeochemistryRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia
  2. 2.Vernadsky Institute of Geochemistry and Analytical ChemistryRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia

Personalised recommendations