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The Cu-Ag-Fe Udokan Deposit

  • Bronislav Gongalsky
  • Nadezhda Krivolutskaya
Chapter
Part of the Modern Approaches in Solid Earth Sciences book series (MASE)

Abstract

The cupriferous sandstones occur within the Paleoproterozoic Kodar-Udokan basin, superimposed onto Archean crystalline rocks of the Aldan Shield. In addition to the giant Udokan deposit, the basin hosts many smaller satellite deposits and occurrences. The Paleoproterozoic Sakukan Formation, hosting cupriferous sandstone units, and the overlaying Naminga Formation are principal hosting stratigraphic units of the Udokan deposit, forming a Naminga brachysyncline. The ore-bearing stratum was traced for 25 km along strike and includes four mineral levels in the vertical sequence. The Udokan deposit contains a huge endowment of Cu (>25 Mt), Fe (10 Mt), Ag (12 kt), and modest Au (13 t). The mineralization is subdivided into sulfide (70–100% sulfides), oxide (0–30% sulfides), and mixed (30–70% sulfides) ores. The ore principally consists of bornite-chalcocite and less frequently of pyrite-chalcopyrite. New data on mineral composition of ores and its sulfur isotopes are summarized here in order to constrain the genesis of the Udokan deposit.

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Authors and Affiliations

  • Bronislav Gongalsky
    • 1
  • Nadezhda Krivolutskaya
    • 2
  1. 1.Institute for Geology of Ore Deposits Petrography, Mineralogy and GeochemistryRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia
  2. 2.Vernadsky Institute of Geochemistry and Analytical ChemistryRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia

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