Advertisement

Shen Hong: A Legendary Engineer of China’s Modern Machinery Industry

Conference paper
Part of the History of Mechanism and Machine Science book series (HMMS, volume 37)

Abstract

Despite the fact that he had only studied for four years in a primary school, Shen Hong became one of the most important technical leaders in the development of China’s modern machinery industry. From 1950s, as one of the major responsible persons, Shen Hong participated in or presided over a number of major projects in the Chinese machinery industry, including the introduction of Soviet equipment, the movement of agricultural mechanization, the design of train wheels, the Shanghai 120 MN Hydraulic Forging Press, the Nine Great Installations (“NGI”) and the hydraulic and power equipment of the Gezhouba Dam and the Three Gorges Dam. Besides, he also worked as the editor-in-chief of such works as Encyclopedia of China: Mechanical Engineering Volume, Mechanical Engineering Handbook and Electrical Engineering Handbook. This article briefly reviews his life, highlights that the key reasons why his outstanding contributions were recognized by the Chinese industrial, political and academic circles were that he had the remarkable capacity of resolving actual engineering problems, could accurately understand the central demands of the development of the Chinese machinery industry, and managed to stick to his role of a technical specialist. Shen Hong emphasized that China should address central issues and manufacture key equipment independently and study the advanced technologies and experience from Western countries. His experience and opinions reflect the development history and the characteristics of China’s modern machinery industry.

Keywords

Shen Hong Chinese machinery industry Hydraulic press Nine Great Installations and independent manufacturing 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This work is supported by the “Gathering intelligence: Review and Prospect of Science and Technology in China” of the Institute for the History of Natural Sciences (IHNS), Chinese Academy of Sciences (No. Y821101003). I gratefully acknowledge the support of Professor Baichun Zhang, which help me to investigate this issue and discuss with me many times. I am also obliged to Professor Danian Hu for his generous encouragement and enlightening suggestions.

References

  1. 1.
    Li Y, Zhang Z (1989) Shen Hong: from a draper’s apprentice to a technical specialist. Popular Science Press, Beijing, pp 1–12. [in Chinese]Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Shen H (1986) Shen Hong’s works on machinery science and technology. China Machine Press, Beijing, pp 291–293. [in Chinese]Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    China Association for Science and Technology ed (1996): brief biographies of chinese scientific and technological experts, engineering technology, machinery, vol 1. China Machine Press, Beijing, pp 40–52. [in Chinese]Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Shen H (1986) Shen Hong’s works on machinery science and technology. China Machine Press, Beijing, p 295. [in Chinese]Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Zi D (2004) Biography of Li Qiang. People’s Publishing House, Beijing, pp 100–102, 113. [in Chinese]Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Wen Y (2016) The great chinese industrial revolution – an outline of the critiques of the general principles of the “political economy of development”. Tsinghua University Press, Beijing, pp 1–17. [in Chinese]Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Shen H (1986) Shen Hong’s works on machinery science and technology. China Machine Press, Beijing, pp 296–297 (1986). [in Chinese]Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Sun L, Zhang B (2006) Social factors determining shen hong’s leadership in the research and development of the 120 MN hydraulic press. J Chin Mech Eng Soc 4:17–26Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Sanderson JA, Mech MIE, Frith JG, Mech AMIE (1949) A review of the application and design of heavey forging presses. J Iron Steel Inst 4:231–233Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Shen H (1986) Shen Hong’s works on machinery science and technology. China Machine Press, Beijing, p 27. [in Chinese]Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Shen H ed (1980) The 120 MN hydraulic forging press. China Machine Press, Beijing, pp 10–15Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Shen H ed (1980) The 120 MN hydraulic forging press. China Machine Press, Beijing, pp 10–15, 153–209Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Sun L (2012) Making a big machine: the road of innovation to the 120 MN hydraulic forging press in 20th century China. Shandong Education Press, Jinan, pp 185–201. [in Chinese]Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    U.S. (1958) Joint publications research service: technical data on soviet heavy machinery. U.S. Dept. of Commerce, Washington, pp 1–64Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    First MMI (1960–1967) New Technological Development PlanGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Zhou E (1993) Zhou Enlai economic anthology. Central Document Press, Beijing, pp 419–436. [in Chinese]Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Shen H (1964–1970) Report of Shen Hong to the superior authorityGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Shen H (1986) Electric equipment should be reliable and durable (1982) in Shen Hong’s works on machinery science and technology, p 189. [in Chinese]Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Nie R (1999) Selected works of Nie Rongzhen on science and technology. Guofang gongye chubanshe, Beijing, pp 530–543. [in Chinese]Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Li J, Huang K (2001) Technological development history of the chinese machinery industry. China Machine Press, Beijing, p 1285. [in Chinese]Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Shen H (1986) Shen Hong’s works on machinery science and technology. China Machine Press, Beijing, p 42. [in Chinese]Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Shen H (1986) Shen Hong’s works on machinery science and technology. China Machine Press, Beijing, pp 132–133. [in Chinese]Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Lin Z (1965) A few comments on the “consistent system of seven key issues”. The People’s Daily, p 5Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Wang X ed (2011) History of scientific and technological development of the People’s Republic of China, vol 5. China Science and Technology Press, Beijing, p 2066. [in Chinese]Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute for the History of Natural Sciences (IHNS)Chinese Academy of SciencesBeijingPeople’s Republic of China

Personalised recommendations