Exploration of Ancient Machinery: From Reconstruction Research to Exhibition and Science Education
Ancient machinery, either lost or existing, is an interdisciplinary subject. Except for the investigation of mechanisms, it can include ancient science and technology, history, philology, as well as others related to the subject matter, like astronomy, seismology, measurement, etc. This paper presents a process to apply the reconstruction research of ancient machinery to promote the exhibitions and science education. With the development of reconstruction research of ancient machinery, the study can be transformed to exhibitions through reconstructing physical and simulation models of ancient machines. The science theories of ancient machinery are simplified into the basic education of science. The traditional technologies can be replaced by digital machines, and the related teaching aids are developed further. People making the teaching models by themselves is more useful in thoroughly understanding these ancient machines. Furthermore, two examples following the application process, traditional Chinese locks and Antikythera astronomical device, are presented.
KeywordsTraditional chinese lock Antikythera astronomical device Science education Exhibition Maker
The authors are grateful to the Ministry of Science and Technology (Taipei, Taiwan) under Grant: MOST 105-2218-E-359-001 and MOST 106-2221-E-359-001 for the financial support of this work. Supports from the Ancient Chinese Machinery Cultural Foundation (Tainan, Taiwan) and the Classical Chinese Puzzle Foundation (Berkeley, USA) are greatly appreciated.
- 1.Gonzaler HB, Kuenzi JJ (2017) Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) Education: A Primer, Congressional Research ServiceGoogle Scholar
- 2.Kim PW (2016) The wheel model of STEAM education based on traditional korean scientific contents. Eurasia J Math Sci Technol Educ 12(9):2353–2371Google Scholar
- 4.Yan HS (2004) The Beauty of Ancient Chinese Locks. Ancient Chinese Machinery Cultural FoundationGoogle Scholar
- 9.Lin JL, Hsiao KH, Wu SH, Kan S (2018) Optimal teeth design of the lost mechanisms for interior planets of Antikythera astronomical device. In: International Conference on Applied System InnovationGoogle Scholar