# Statistical Reasoning When Comparing Groups with Software—Frameworks and Their Application to Qualitative Video Data

• Daniel Frischemeier
Chapter
Part of the ICME-13 Monographs book series (ICME13Mo)

## Abstract

Comparing groups is a fundamental activity in statistics. Preferably such an activity is embedded in a data analysis cycle and done with real and large datasets. Software enables learners to carve out many differences between the compared distributions. One important aspect in statistics education is how to evaluate these complex intertwined processes of statistical reasoning and the use of software when comparing groups. The primary intention of this chapter is to introduce a framework for evaluating statistical reasoning and software skills when comparing groups and to show an application of this framework to qualitative data collected during a video study of four pairs of preservice teachers comparing groups with TinkerPlots.

## Keywords

Frameworks Group comparisons Qualitative content analysis Statistical reasoning TinkerPlots

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