Mobbed-Up, Corrupt or Crimilegal Orders?

  • Markus Schultze-Kraft


The concept of crimilegality entails a critique of conventional scholarship on organised crime and corruption. In crimilegal orders, which are hybrid political orders, the orchestration of crimes unfolds dynamically and in constant interaction among a range of state and non-state actors along the crimilegality-crimilegitimacy spectrum. Crimilegal orders are therefore neither (fragile) mafia states nor mobbed-up or corrupt neopatrimonial orders. In crimilegal orders, the central issue is not one of the encroachments of organised criminal structures and activities on the state through corruption and intimidation and violence. Rather, the key issue is the degree to which it is considered socially legitimate and morally acceptable to partake in unlawful interactions.


Crimilegal order Hybrid political order Crimilegality-crimilegitimacy spectrum Organised crime Corruption 


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Authors and Affiliations

  • Markus Schultze-Kraft
    • 1
  1. 1.Universidad IcesiCaliColombia

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