Advertisement

The Myth of the Dark Side of the Energiewende

  • Conrad Kunze
  • Paul LehmannEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

Germany’s large-scale deployment of RES-based power generation has not resulted in a significant decline of its energy-related CO2 emissions. The reason for this emissions trend was the constantly high level of coal-fired power generation in Germany. Consequently, it has been argued that the German coal binge may be the “dark side” of the Energiewende. We point out that this argumentation is flawed. In fact, the increase in coal-fired generation has been strongly driven by developments on international fuel and carbon markets—and not only, if at all, by the phase-out of nuclear and ongoing RES deployment.

References

  1. AGEB. (2017). Auswertungstabellen zur Energiebilanz Deutschland – 1990 bis 2016. Berlin: Arbeitsgemeinschaft Energiebilanzen (AGEB) e.V.Google Scholar
  2. Arte. (2014, March 30). Deutschland: Die Energie-Wende und die Sorben. Retrieved January 21, 2015, from http://info.arte.tv/de/deutschland-die-energie-wende-und-die-sorben
  3. BAFA. (2018). Drittlandskohlepreis. Eschborn: Bundesamt für Wirtschaft und Ausfuhrkontrolle (BAFA). Retrieved February 19, 2018, from http://www.bafa.de/DE/Energie/Rohstoffe/Drittlandskohlepreis/drittlandskohlepreis_node.html
  4. BMWi. (2016). Fifth “energy transition” monitoring report: The energy of the future. 2015 reporting year. Berlin: Bundesministerium für Wirtschaft und Energie (BMWi).Google Scholar
  5. Böhringer, C., & Rosendahl, K. E. (2010). Green Promotes the Dirtiest: On the Interaction between Black and Green Quotas in Energy Markets. Journal of Regulatory Economics, 37, 316–325.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Böhringer, C., & Rosendahl, K. E. (2011). Greening electricity more than necessary: On the cost implications of overlapping regulation in EU climate policy. Schmollers Jahrbuch, 131, 469–492.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Bruninx, K., Madzharov, D., Delarue, E., & D’haeseleer, W. (2013). Impact of the German nuclear phase-out on Europe’s electricity generation—A comprehensive study. Energy Policy, 60, 251–261.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. EEX. (2018). European emission allowances. Leipzig: European Energy Exchange (EEX). Retrieved February 19, 2018, from https://www.eex.com/de/marktdaten/umweltprodukte/spotmarkt/european-emission-allowances%2D%2D-global-environmental-exchange/47258#!/2018/02/19
  9. Gawel, E., Lehmann, P., Korte, K., Strunz, S., Bovet, J., Köck, W., Massier, P., Löschel, A., Schober, D., Ohlhorst, D., Tews, K., Schreurs, M., Reeg, M., & Wassermann, S. (2014a). The future of the energy transition in Germany. Energy, Sustainability and Society, 4, 15.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Gawel, E., Strunz, S., & Lehmann, P. (2014b). A public choice view on the climate and energy policy mix in the EU—How do the emissions trading scheme and support for renewable energies interact? Energy Policy, 64, 175–182.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Guardian. (2014, August 27). New coal power stations threat to EU’s emissions target. Retrieved February 5, 2018, from http://www.theguardian.com/environment/2014/aug/27/coal-power-stations-eu-emissions-target
  12. Hintermann, B., Peterson, S., & Rickels, W. (2016). Price and market behavior in Phase II of the EU ETS: A review of the literature. Review of Environmental Economics and Policy, 10, 108–128.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Hoppmann, J., Huenteler, J., & Girod, B. (2014). Compulsive policy-making—The evolution of the German feed-in tariff system for solar photovoltaic power. Research Policy, 43, 1422–1441.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. IEA. (2016). Coal medium-term market report 2016 – executive summary. Paris: International Energy Agency (IEA).Google Scholar
  15. Kunze, C., & Becker, S. (2014). Energy democracy in Europe: A survey and outlook, july 2014, energy democracy in Europe: A survey and outlook. Berlin: Rosa-Luxemburg-Stiftung.Google Scholar
  16. Lehmann, P., & Gawel, E. (2013). Why should support schemes for renewable electricity complement the EU emissions trading scheme? Energy Policy, 52, 597–607.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Lehmann, P., Gawel, E., & Strunz, S. (2019). EU climate and energy policy beyond 2020: Are additional targets and instruments for renewables economically reasonable? In E. Gawel, S. Strunz, P. Lehmann, & A. Purkus (Eds.), The European dimension of Germany’s energy transition: Opportunities and conflicts. Heidelberg: Springer.Google Scholar
  18. National Geographic. (2014, February 13). Germany plans to raze towns for brown coal and cheap energy. Retrieved February 04, 2018, from https://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/energy/2014/02/140211-germany-plans-to-raze-towns-for-brown-coal/
  19. New York Times. (2014, February 19). German village resists plans to strip it away from the coal underneath. Retrieved February 2, 2018, from http://www.nytimes.com/2014/02/19/world/europe/german-village-resists-plans-to-strip-it-away-for-the-coal-underneath.html?_r=0
  20. Nicolosi, M. (2010). Wind power integration and power system flexibility – An empirical analysis of extreme events in Germany under the new negative price regime. Energy Policy, 38, 7257–7268.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Pahle, M. (2010). Germany’s dash for coal: Exploring drivers and factors. Energy Policy, 38, 3431–3442.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Smith, A., Chewpreecha, U., Mercure, J.-F., & Pollitt, H. (2019). EU climate and energy policy beyond 2020: Is a single target for GHG reduction sufficient? In E. Gawel, S. Strunz, P. Lehmann, & A. Purkus (Eds.), The European dimension of Germany’s energy transition: Opportunities and conflicts. Heidelberg: Springer.Google Scholar
  23. Strunz, S., Gawel, E., & Lehmann, P. (2015). Towards a general “Europeanization” of EU member states’ energy policies? Economics of Energy and Environmental Policy, 4, 143–159.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Strunz, S., Gawel, E., & Lehmann, P. (2016). The political economy of renewable energy policies in Germany and the EU. Utilities Policy, 42, 33–41.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. UBA. (2017). National trend tables for the German atmospheric emission reporting 1990–2015. Dessau: Umweltbundesamt (UBA).Google Scholar
  26. Ueckerdt, F., Hirth, L., Luderer, G., & Edenhofer, O. (2013). System LCOE: What are the costs of variable renewables? Energy, 63, 61–75.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Environmental Policy Research Centre (FFU) at the Otto Suhr Institute of Political ScienceFreie Universität BerlinBerlinGermany
  2. 2.Department of EconomicsHelmholtz Centre for Environmental Research – UFZLeipzigGermany
  3. 3.Institute for Infrastructure and Resources ManagementLeipzig UniversityLeipzigGermany

Personalised recommendations