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Evidence-Based Assessment of Moringa oleifera Used for the Treatment of Human Ailments

  • Md. Mahadi Hasan
  • Iffat-Ara Sharmeen
  • Yasir Anwar
  • Hesham F. Alharby
  • Mirza Hasanuzzaman
  • Abdulrahaman S. Hajar
  • Khalid Rehman HakeemEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

Moringa oleifera, also commonly known as the horseradish tree, is found in most of the tropical regions, having a variety of traditional names such as sajna, drumstick tree, benzolive, etc. Throughout the years, extensive research has been done for the benefits of this plant, especially benefits concerned with human nutrition and medicine. The plant is an abundant source of minerals, proteins, vitamins, and phytochemicals, which has been used as a remedy for many conditions and illnesses. There is also an abundant reservoir of antioxidants in Moringa oleifera. All parts of the plant, including its fruits, flowers, and pods, contain agents that promote healthy cardiac cycle, act against malignant tumorous activity and inflammation, and also show antimicrobial activity. Some chemical agents have also shown significant activity to reduce seizures, muscle spasms, fever, blood pressure, and blood glucose levels and increase urine production. Due to its benefits on human health, it has been long used as a traditional medicine for curing ailments. This chapter discusses about Moringa oleifera which are used in traditional medicine system and have future potential benefits if incorporated into modern medicine.

Keywords

Active constituents Traditional medicine Medicinal properties Nutrition value Phytochemicals 

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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Md. Mahadi Hasan
    • 1
  • Iffat-Ara Sharmeen
    • 2
  • Yasir Anwar
    • 1
  • Hesham F. Alharby
    • 1
  • Mirza Hasanuzzaman
    • 3
  • Abdulrahaman S. Hajar
    • 1
  • Khalid Rehman Hakeem
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Faculty of Science, Department of Biological SciencesKing Abdulaziz UniversityJeddahSaudi Arabia
  2. 2.Department of Biochemistry, School of Life SciencesIndependent UniversityDhakaBangladesh
  3. 3.Faculty of Agriculture, Department of AgronomySher-e-Bangla Agricultural UniversityDhakaBangladesh

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