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Functional Attributes of Seeds of Two Coastal Germplasms of Sesbania

  • Suvarna J. Shreelalitha
  • Kandikere R. Sridhar
Chapter

Abstract

Seeds of wild legume Sesbania possess potential nutritional, medicinal and industrial applications. They also serve as commercial source of fibre as well as galactomannan, a nontoxic food-grade polysaccharide. Sesbania seeds being potential food source for human beings and livestock, this study emphasizes the functional properties of two Sesbania landraces adapted to the mangrove habitats. A series of methods were followed to evaluate the protein solubility; gelation, water and oil absorption capacities; and emulsion and foam properties. As the protein solubility was high at alkaline pH, Sesbania seed flours will serve in the production of protein-rich carbonated beverages. Low least gelation concentration, enhanced water and oil absorption capacities facilitate preparation of bakery products. Increased emulsion activity and stability are suitable blends for many products especially sausages, cake buffers and salad dressers. Besides adequate quantity of proteins, fatty acids, fibre and carbohydrates, Sesbania seeds also possess desired functional properties. Being rich in nutritional value, future emphasis should focus on the functional properties of defatted seed flours for utilization in production of different food stuffs.

Keywords

Wild legumes Sesbania Mangroves Protein solubility Gelation Absorption Emulsion Foam 

Notes

Acknowledgements

Authors are grateful to Mangalore University for the permission to carry out this study in the Department of Biosciences. SJS acknowledges the University Grants Commission, New Delhi, for the award of fellowship under the scheme Research Fellowship in Sciences for Meritorious Students (RFSMS). KRS acknowledges the award of UGC-BSR Faculty Fellowship by the University Grants Commission, New Delhi.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Suvarna J. Shreelalitha
    • 1
  • Kandikere R. Sridhar
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of BiotechnologySt. Aloysius CollegeMangaloreIndia
  2. 2.Department of BiosciencesMangalore UniversityMangaloreIndia

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