An Insight to Micropropagation of Freshwater Aquatic Medicinal Plants

  • Muhammad Aasim
  • Khalid Mahmood Khawar
  • Mehmet Karataş
  • Faheem Shahzad Bloch
  • Allah Bakhsh


Freshwater aquatic plants include medicinal and ornamental species: have limited demand and rarely micropropagated. Most of them are found in Southeast Asian environments as amphibians or fully submerged or floating in lakes, streams, and watercourses that are ignored as weeds. These plants have never been central focuses and were not looked for characteristic proliferation. It is difficult to multiply these plants using traditional techniques through seeds or natural proliferation of rhizomes or cuttings by maintaining quality. Rare and fragmented but important information about micropropagation of these neglected plants has been discussed in this chapter. There are certain aquatic or semiaquatic medicinal plants for which no effort has been made to propagate in vitro. Contrarily, plants like water hyssop have extensive in vitro regeneration protocols due to its high demand. This study compares methodologies used by researchers to micropropagate these plants. It is concluded that this study will help in understanding and establishing systems for scientific propagation of these plants.


Micropropagation Aquatic plants Medicinal plants Rare plants Ornamental species 



Authors are thankful to Ms. Ecenur Korkmaz and Ms. Areeza Emman for their kind efforts and help to improve the quality of work.


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Muhammad Aasim
    • 1
  • Khalid Mahmood Khawar
    • 2
  • Mehmet Karataş
    • 1
  • Faheem Shahzad Bloch
    • 3
  • Allah Bakhsh
    • 4
  1. 1.Faculty of Science, Department of BiotechnologyNecmettin Erbakan UniversityKonyaTurkey
  2. 2.Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Field CropsAnkara UniversityAnkaraTurkey
  3. 3.Faculty of Agricultural and Natural Science, Department of Field CropsAbant Izzet Baysal UniversityBoluTurkey
  4. 4.Faculty of Agricultural Sciences and Technologies, Department of Agricultural Genetic EngineeringNigde UniversityNigdeTurkey

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