Assessment of Pesticide Residues in Vegetables of Telangana State

  • Syeda Azeem Unnisa


The present study deals with assessing pesticide residues of vegetables in Telangana State (Hyderabad and Ranga Reddy). A total of 60 vegetable samples of cauliflower, cabbage and brinjal were collected for pesticide residues analysis. The analysis of vegetable samples for different pesticide residues was carried out on gas chromatography and electron capture detector (GC-ECD). The pesticide residue levels (μg/gm) in cauliflower for endosulfan were in the range of ND- 1.66, quinalphos ND- 0.50 and methyl parathion ND- 0.40; in cabbage for chlorpyrifos ND- 0.10 and monocrotophos ND- 0.30; and in brinjal for methyl parathion ND- 2.00, cypermethrin ND- 0.56 and monocrotophos ND- 1.82. The results revealed that in cauliflower, three pesticide residues were found with endosulfan (30%), quinalphos (20%) and methyl parathion (50%); in cabbage two pesticide residues were detected with chlorpyrifos (30%) and monocrotophos (70%); and in brinjal three pesticide residues were detected with methyl parathion (45%), cypermethrin (25%) and monocrotophos (30%). The overall samples analysed indicated that all vegetable samples were found with pesticide residues with various percentages and exceed the maximum residual limit (MRL) values. The study highlights the need of the hour to control the use of excessive chemicals and shift towards organic agriculture.


Vegetables Pesticide residues GC-ECD Contamination Toxicity Health risk 


  1. Amoah P, Drechsel P, Abaidoo RC, Ntow WJ (2006) Pesticide and pathogen contamination of vegetables in Ghana’s urban markets. Arch Environ Contam Toxicol 50:1–6CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Bhanti M, Taneja A (2007) Contamination of vegetables of different seasons with organophosphorous pesticide and related health risk assessment in northern India. Chemosphere 69:63–68CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Bhattachayya A, Barik SR, Ganguly P (2009) New pesticide molecules, formulation technology and uses: present status and future challenges. J Plant Prot Sci 11:9–15Google Scholar
  4. Boon PE, Van der Voet H, Van Raaij MTM, Van Klaveren JD (2008) Cumulative risk assessment of the exposure to organophosphorous and carbamate insecticides in the Dutch diet. Food Chem Toxicol 46(9):3090–3098CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Chahal KK, Singh B, Kang BK, Battu RS, Joia BS (1997) Insecticide residues in farmgate vegetables in. Punjab Pestic Res J 9(2):256–260Google Scholar
  6. Chahal KK, Singh B, Kapoor SK (1994) Dissipation of Monocrotophos and Quinalphos on brinjal (Solanum melongena L.). National symposium on emerging trends in pest management, June 28–30, 1994. Dr. Y.S. Parmar University of Horticulture and Forestry, Solan, IndiaGoogle Scholar
  7. Chen C, Yongzhon Q, Qiong C, Chuanjiang T, Chuanyong L, Yun L (2011) Evaluation of pesticide residues in fruits and vegetable from Xiamen. China Food Control 227:1114–1120CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Cook C (2002) Guidelines for sampling soils, fruits, vegetables and grains for chemical residue testing. Agric Notes AGO 889:1–4Google Scholar
  9. Dikshit AK, Pachaury DC, Jindal T (2003) Maximum residue limits and risk assessment of betacyfluthrin and imidacloprid on tomato. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 70:1143–1150CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. FAO/WHO (1986) Maximum limits for pesticide residues. In: Codex Alimentarius, vol XIII, 2nd edn. FAO, RomeGoogle Scholar
  11. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (2002) International Code of conduct on the Distribution and Use of pesticides, 25th October 2002.
  12. Guler GO, Cakmak YS, Dagli Z, Aktumsek A, Ozparlak H (2010) Organo-chlorine pesticide residues in wheat from Konya region, Turkey. Food Chem Toxicol 48:1218–1221CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Gupta A, Singh B, Parihar NS, Bhatnagar A (1998) Pesticide residues in farmgate samples of bottlegourd, cauliflower, cabbage and fenugreek at Jaipur. Pestic Res J 10(1):86–90Google Scholar
  14. Indian Horticulture Database (2015) National Horticulture Board. Ministry of Agriculture, GOIGoogle Scholar
  15. Iqbal MF, Maqbool U, Perveez I, Farooq M, Asi MR (2009) Monitoring of insecticide residues in brinjal collected from market of Nowshera Virkan, Pakistan. J Anim Plant Sci 19:90–93Google Scholar
  16. Islam S, Hossain MS, Nahar N, Mosihuzzaman M, Mamun MIR (2009) Application of high performance liquid chromatography to the analysis of pesticide residues in egg plants. J Applied Sci 9(5):973–977CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Jiang YF, Wang XT, Jia Y, Wang F, Wu MH, Sheng GY, Fu JM (2009) Occurrence, distribution and possible sources of organochlorine pesticides in agricultural soil of Shanghai, China. J Hazard Mater 170:989–997CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Kumari B, Kumar R, Madan VK, Singh R, Singh J, Kathpal TS (2003) Monitoring of pesticidal contamination in winter vegetables from Hisar, Haryana. Environ Monit Assess 87:311–318CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Lehotay SJ, Hiemstra M, Van Bodegraven P, De Kok A (2007) Validation of a fast and easy method for the determination of more than 200 pesticide residues in fruits and vegetables using gas and liquid chromatography and mass spectrometric detection. J AOAC Int 88:595Google Scholar
  20. Lozowicka B, Jankowska M, Kaczynski P (2012) Pesticide residues in Brassica vegetables and exposure assessment of consumers. Food Control 25:561–575CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Madan VK, Kumari B, Singh R, Kumar R, Kathpal TS (1996) Monitoring of pesticides from farmgate samples of vegetables in Haryana. Pestic Res J 8(1):56–80Google Scholar
  22. Mohan M, Gujar GT (2003) Local variation in susceptibility of diamond back month to insecticides and role of detoxification enzymes. J Crop Protect 22:495–504CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Osman KA, Al-Humaid AM, Al-Rehiayani SM, Al-Redhaiman KN (2010) Monitoring of pesticide residues in vegetables marketed in Al-Qassim region, Saudi Arabia. Ecotoxical Envion Saf 73:1433–1439CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Prasad SS (2001) Programme Advisory Committee, Country Report – India, Government of IndiaGoogle Scholar
  25. Radwan MA, Salama AK (2006) Market basket survey for some heavy metals in Egyptian fruits and vegetables. Food Chem Toxicol 44:1273–1278CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Syeda Azeem Unnisa
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Environmental ScienceUCS, Osmania UniversityHyderabadIndia

Personalised recommendations