Advertisement

Immunology of Infectious Processes

  • Vladimir V. Klimov
Chapter

Abstract

The human body exists along with the microbiota, which may weigh some kilograms. There are numerous exciting details related to the interaction between symbiotic, opportunistic, or absolutely pathogenic microbes and the human immune system at both physiological and pathologic levels.

Supplementary material

466144_1_En_7_MOESM1_ESM.mp3 (4.5 mb)
(MP3 4617 kb)

Bibliography

Reviews

  1. Borhis G, Richard Y. Subversion of the B-cell compartment during parasitic, bacterial, and viral infections. BMC Immunol. 2015;16(15):1–10.  https://doi.org/10.1186/s12865-015-0079-y.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Ferreira MS, Borges AS. Some aspects of protozoan infections in immunocompromised patients – a review. Mem Inst Oswaldo Cruz. 2002;97(4):443–57.  https://doi.org/10.1590/S0074-02762002000400001.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Iwasaki A, Foxman EF, Molony RD. Early local immune defences in the respiratory tract. Nat Rev Immunol. 2017;17:7–20.  https://doi.org/10.1038/nri.2016.117.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. Perez-Lopez A, Behnsen J, Nuccio S-P, Raffatellu M. Mucosal immunity to pathogenic intestinal bacteria. Nat Rev Immunol. 2016;16:135–48.  https://doi.org/10.1038/nri.2015.17.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. Samuel F. Opportunistic parasitism: Parasitic association with the host that has compromised immune system. J Bacteriol Parasitol. 2016;7(1000261):1–4.  https://doi.org/10.4172/2155-9597.1000261.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Soares MP, Teixeira L, Moita LF. Disease tolerance and immunity in host protection against infection. Nat Rev Immunol. 2017;17:83–96.  https://doi.org/10.1038/nri.2016.136.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. Zawrotniak M, Kozik A, Rapala-Kozik M. Chapter 1. Neutrophil extracellular traps in infectious human diseases. In: Khajh M, editor. Role of neutrophils in disease pathogenesis. London: InTech; 2017. p. 1–25.  https://doi.org/10.5772/intechopen.68443.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Landmark Papers

  1. Ayres JS, Schneider DS. Tolerance of infections. Annu Rev Immunol. 2012;30:271–94.  https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev-immunol-020711-075030.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Pirofski L-A, Casadevall A. What is infectiveness and how is it involved in infection and immunity? BMC Immunol. 2015;16(13):1–6.  https://doi.org/10.1186/s12865-015-0076-1.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Suggested Reading

  1. Ahn D, Penaloza H, Wang Z, et al. Acquired resistance to innate immune clearance promotes Klebsiella pneumoniae ST258 pulmonary infection. JCI Insight. 2016;1(17):e89704.  https://doi.org/10.1172/jci.insight.89704.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  2. Choua H-H, Chien W-H, Wu L-L, et al. Age-related immune clearance of hepatitis B virus infection requires the establishment of gut microbiota. PNAS. 2015;112(7):2175–80.  https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1424775112.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. David R. Fungal pathogenesis: C. albicans makes an entrance. Nat Rev Microbiol. 2012;10:672–3.  https://doi.org/10.1038/nrmicro2881.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. Grinde B. Herpesviruses: latency and reactivation viral strategies and host response. J Oral Microbiol. 2013;5(22766):1–9.  https://doi.org/10.3402/jom.v5i0.22766.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Hamilton C, Tan L, Miethke T, Anand PK. Immunity to uropathogens: the emerging roles of inflammasomes. Nat Rev Urol. 2017;14:284.  https://doi.org/10.1038/nrurol.2017.25.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. Newton AH, Cardani A, Braciale TJ. The host immune response in respiratory virus infection: balancing virus clearance and immunopathology. Semin Immunopathol. 2016;38:471–82.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s00281-016-0558-0.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  7. Puebla LEJ. Chapter 6. Fungal infections in immunosuppressed patients. In: Metodiev K, editor. Immunodeficiency. London: InTech; 2012. p. 149–76.  https://doi.org/10.5772/51512.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Sokolowska M, Frei R, Lunjani N, Akdis CA, O’Mahony L. Microbiome and asthma. Asthma Res Pract. 2018;4(1):1–9.  https://doi.org/10.1186/s40733-017-0037-y.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  9. Zecconi A, Scali F. Staphylococcus aureus virulence factors in evasion from innate immune defenses in human and animal diseases. Immunol Lett. 2013;150:12–22.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.imlet.2013.01.004.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Vladimir V. Klimov
    • 1
  1. 1.Clinical Immunology and Allergy DepartmentSiberian State Medical UniversityTomskRussia

Personalised recommendations