Advertisement

Onboard and Vessel Layout Modifications

  • Jónas R. ViðarssonEmail author
  • Marvin I. Einarsson
  • Erling P. Larsen
  • Julio Valeiras
  • Sigurður Örn Ragnarsson

Abstract

The purpose of this chapter is to discuss challenges that the EU Landing Obligation presents to the onboard handling of unwanted catches and how vessel layout modifications can be applied to meet these challenges. The key challenge the industry is facing is having to bring ashore catches of little or no value, which requires significant effort to handle and takes up valuable space that is, in many cases, not available. Considering that 85% of EU fishing vessels are under 12 metres long and 97% are under 24 metres, it is evident that the majority of the EU fleet has limited options when it comes to handling and stowage of catches that would have been discarded prior to the implementation of the Landing Obligation. The Landing Obligation only applies to species subject to catch limits, which means that the current set-up on vessels can, for the most part, accommodate the fish of legal size that needs to be landed. The main challenge is catches of undersized fish that are not permitted to be used for direct human consumption. For those catches, the simplest approach is to handle them as targeted catch, which will allow them to be used for higher-value products such as pet food, pharmaceuticals, food supplements, etc. This is, however, not applicable for the majority of the fleet, due to a lack of space and the labour effort required. Solutions such as bulk storage and simple silage preservation are alternatives that are being explored for smaller vessels. The larger vessels have more options, such as full silage production, fish protein hydrolysate and fish meal production.

Keywords

Automated classification Bulk landing Fish protein Fish silage Hydrolysate MCRS Onboard handling Vessel modifications 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The content of this chapter is largely based on work carried out in the DISCARDLESS project and the Life iSEAS project. The DISCARDLESS project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement DiscardLess No 633680. The Life iSEAS project has been co-funded under the LIFE+Environment programme of the European Union (LIFE13 ENV/ES/000131). This support is gratefully acknowledged.

References

  1. Amoffjell. (2018, April 20). Compact fish meal plants. Retrieved from www.amof-fjell.com: http://www.amof-fjell.com/plant-design/compact-fish-meal-plants/
  2. Borges, L., & Penas Lado, E. (this volume). Discards in the common fisheries policy: The evolution of the policy. In S.S. Uhlmann, C. Ulrich, S.J. Kennelly (Eds.), The European Landing Obligation – Reducing discards in complex, multi-species and multi-jurisdictional fisheries. Cham: Springer.Google Scholar
  3. Reid, D.G., Calderwood, C., Afonso, P., Fauconnet, L., Pawlowski, L., Plet-Hansen, K.S., et al. (this volume). The best way to reduce discards is by not catching them! In S.S. Uhlmann, C. Ulrich, S.J. Kennelly (Eds.), The European Landing Obligation – Reducing discards in complex, multi-species and multi-jurisdictional fisheries. Cham: Springer.Google Scholar
  4. EC 1224/2009. (2018). Council regulation (EC) No 1224/2009. Retrieved from www.eur-lex.europa.eu: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/PDF/?uri=CELEX:32009R1224&from=EN
  5. EC. (2011). Commission staff working paper SEC (2011) 891: Impact assessment. Brussels: European Commission. Retrieved from europarl.europa.eu: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/registre/docs_autres_institutions/commission_europeenne/sec/2011/0891/COM_SEC(2011)0891_EN.pdf.
  6. EC. (2013). Regulation (EU) 1380/2013. Brussels: European Commission. Retrieved from http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=OJ:L:2013:354:0022:0061:EN:PDF
  7. EC. (2018). Commission staff working document accompanying the document communication from the commission on the State of Play of the Common Fisheries Policy and Consultation on the Fishing Opportunities for 2019, COM (2018) 452 final. Brussels, 11.6.2018 SWD (2018) 329 final. Retrieved from https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/PDF/?uri=CELEX:52018SC0329&from=EN
  8. EU 2015/812. (2018). Regulation (EU) 2015/812 of the European parliament and of the council. Retrieved from www.http://eur-lex.europa.eu: http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/PDF/?uri=CELEX:32015R0812&from=EN
  9. EU. (2016). Facts and figures on the common fisheries policy. Brussels: EU. Retrieved from www.ec.europa.eu: https://ec.europa.eu/fisheries/sites/fisheries/files/docs/body/pcp_en.pdf
  10. FiskerForum (2008, December 26). Ensilering af fiskeindvolde til søs en success. Retrieved from http://www.fiskerforum.dk/erhvervsnyt/2008/261208_ensilering.asp
  11. FiskerForum. (2017, July 13). Ensilering kan gøre bifangsten værdifuld. Retrieved from www.fiskerforum.dk: http://www.fiskerforum.dk/erhvervsnyt/a/ensilering-kan-goere-bifangsten-vaerdifuld-13072017
  12. Fiskeritidende. (2016, May 3). Ensilagetanke skal sikre en bedre udnyttelse af råvaren. Retrieved from www.fiskeritidende.dk: http://fiskeritidende.dk/ensilagetanke-skal-sikre-bedre-udnyttelse-raavaren/
  13. Haarslev. (2018, April 20). Compact fish meal plant. Retrieved from www.haarslev.com: https://www.haarslev.com/products/compact-fish-meal-plant/
  14. Héðinn. (2018, April 20). The Hedinn protein plant at sea. Retrieved from www.hedinn.com: https://hedinn.weebly.com/at-sea.html
  15. Iñarra, B., Bald, C., Cebrián, M., Antelo, L.T., Franco-Uría, A., Vázquez, J.A., et al. (this volume). What to do with unwanted catches: Valorisation options and selection strategies. In S.S. Uhlmann, C. Ulrich, S.J. Kennelly (Eds.), The European Landing Obligation – Reducing discards in complex, multi-species multi-jurisdictional fisheries. Cham: Springer.Google Scholar
  16. iSEAS. (2018). Proyecto LIFE iSEAS: Objetivos propuestos y resultados alcanzados. Retrieved from http://lifeiseas.eu/archivos/?drawer=web*iSEAS_Conference_CETMAR_05042018
  17. James, K.M., Campbell, N., Viðarsson, J.R., Vilas, C., Plet-Hansen, K.S., Borges, L., et.al. (this volume). Tools and technologies for the monitoring, control and surveillance of unwanted catches. In S.S. Uhlmann, C. Ulrich, S.J. Kennelly (Eds.), The European Landing Obligation – Reducing discards in complex, multi-species and multi-jurisdictional fisheries. Cham: Springer.Google Scholar
  18. Karp, W.A., Breen, M., Borges, L., Fitzpatrick, M., Kennelly, S.J., Kolding, J., et al. (this volume). Strategies used throughout the world to manage fisheries discards – Lessons for implementation of the EU Landing Obligation. In S.S. Uhlmann, C. Ulrich, S.J. Kennelly (Eds.), The European Landing Obligation – Reducing discards in complex, multi-species and multi-jurisdictional fisheries. Cham: Springer.Google Scholar
  19. Larsen, E. (2018). Interview with crew of Juli-Ane on 14.06.2018.Google Scholar
  20. Melado, A., Olabarrieta, I., de Zarata, A., Pardo, M., & Inarra, B. (2018). Report on the automatic system for by-catches quantification and classification and the battery of specific fluorescent DNA probes. DiscardLess Deliverable 6.3.Google Scholar
  21. Nuevo, M., Morgado, C., Sala A. (this volume). Monitoring the implementation of the Landing Obligation: The last Haul programme. In S.S. Uhlmann, C. Ulrich, S.J. Kennelly (Eds.), The European Landing Obligation – Reducing discards in complex, multi-species and multi-jurisdictional fisheries. Cham: Springer.Google Scholar
  22. O’Neill, F.G., Feekings, J., Fryer, R.G., Fauconnet, L., Afonso, P. (this volume). Discard avoidance by improving fishing gear selectivity: Helping the fishing industry help itself. In S.S. Uhlmann, C. Ulrich, S.J. Kennelly (Eds.), The European Landing Obligation – Reducing discards in complex, multi-species and multi-jurisdictional fisheries. Cham: Springer.Google Scholar
  23. Skaginn 3X. (2018a, April 20). Vision whole fish grader. Retrieved from www.skaginn3x.com: http://skaginn3x.com/products/vision-whole-fish-grader
  24. Skaginn 3X. (2018b). Fish processing deck. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ukrqO0_sNiU
  25. STECF. (2015). STECF data for the North Sea (area 3B2), Kattegat (area 3A) and Skagerrak (area 3B). The scientific, technical and economic Committee for Fisheries. http://datacollection.jrc.ec.europa.eu/dd/effort/graphs, landings and discards.
  26. Viðarsson, J.R., Einarsson, M.I., & Ragnarsson S.Ö. (2016). Report containing identification and recommendations on innovative, applicable and practical solutions for on-board handling of unavoidable unwanted catches. DiscardLess Deliverable 5.2. DOI 10.5281/zenodo.229325.Google Scholar
  27. Viðarsson, J.R., Ragnarsson, S.Ö., Einarsson, M.I, Sævarsson, B., Sævarsdóttir, R., & Szymczak, P. (2017). Report on the 3D drawings and cost-benefit tools developed for Icelandic, North Sea and Bay of Biscay case studies. DiscardLess Deliverable 5.4.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Open Access This chapter is licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license and indicate if changes were made.

The images or other third party material in this chapter are included in the chapter’s Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the chapter’s Creative Commons license and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder.

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jónas R. Viðarsson
    • 1
    Email author
  • Marvin I. Einarsson
    • 1
  • Erling P. Larsen
    • 2
  • Julio Valeiras
    • 3
  • Sigurður Örn Ragnarsson
    • 1
  1. 1.Matís ohf. Icelandic food and biotech R&DReykjavíkIceland
  2. 2.DTU Aqua, National Institute for Aquatic ResourcesTechnical University of DenmarkKongens LyngbyDenmark
  3. 3.Instituto Español de Oceanografía (IEO)Centro Oceanográfico de VigoVigoSpain

Personalised recommendations