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Introduction

  • Vladimir Puzone
  • Luis Felipe Miguel
Chapter
Part of the Marx, Engels, and Marxisms book series (MAENMA)

Abstract

Vladimir Puzone and Luis Felipe Miguel make a brief report about the development of the Brazilian left in the 20th and 21st centuries. The chapter begins with the first working-class organizations, originated with anarchist groups. Later, some anarchist workers founded the Brazilian Communist Party (PCB) in 1922 under the influence of the Russian Revolution of 1917. Until the military coup in 1964, the PCB was the most important working-class organization in the country. Nevertheless, other political groups were meaningful to the Brazilian left during the first half of the 20th century, for example, Trotskyist organizations and the Catholic left. Despite the centrality of the PCB, the civil-military dictatorship showed its theoretical and practical limits. On the one hand, authors such as Caio Prado Jr., Florestan Fernandes, Ruy Mauro Marini, and Francisco de Oliveira not only criticized the fragilities of the interpretation of the Brazilian reality held by the PCB but also represented new perspectives to the renewal of Marxism in Brazil. On the other hand, guerrilla groups and other left-wing movements tried to find alternative ways to confront the authoritarian regime. These movements and the so-called new unionism, in particular, helped to foster a new generation of left-wing and working-class organizations that were fundamental to the process of political democratization during the end of the 1970s and the beginning of the 1980s. More specifically, they forged the basis for the development of the most important political party after the civil-military dictatorship, the Workers’ Party (PT). The chapter ends with a brief discussion about the parliamentary coup that deposed Dilma Rousseff in 2016 and represented the end of the PT governments.

Keywords

Brazilian left Marxism Brazilian Communist Party Workers’ Party 

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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Vladimir Puzone
    • 1
  • Luis Felipe Miguel
    • 2
  1. 1.Sociology DepartmentUniversity of BrasíliaBrasíliaBrazil
  2. 2.Political Science InstituteUniversity of BrasíliaBrasíliaBrazil

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