Sustainability Issues in Electric Discharge Machining

  • Janak B. ValakiEmail author
  • Pravin P. Rathod
  • Ajay M. Sidpara
Part of the Materials Forming, Machining and Tribology book series (MFMT)


Electric discharge machining is a well-known advanced machining process extensively used for difficult-to-machine materials, microparts and precision engineering components for various biomedical, scientific and industrial applications. In spite of EDM’s special characteristics, this process suffers from major limitations as regards to sustainability. High specific energy consumption, hazardous emissions, operator health and safety risk, generation of toxic waste and sludge, etc., are the major issues. This chapter introduces EDM, highlights and discusses inherent sustainability issues, and suggests possible solutions. An experimental study based on the use of sustainable dielectrics is the main part of this chapter. The effects of EDM parameters on material removal rate, surface roughness, and other surface integrity characteristics under the influence of sustainable dielectric fluids are discussed. The chapter ends with the conclusions and possible avenues of future research.


Sustainable manufacturing Wet EDM Dry EDM Near-dry EDM Sustainability Vegetable oil 



Electric discharge machining


Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH)


Benzene, toluene, ethylene–benzene and xyle


Hazard and operability analysis




Jatropha oil-based biodielectric fluid


Waste vegetable oil-based biodielectric fluid


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Janak B. Valaki
    • 1
    Email author
  • Pravin P. Rathod
    • 2
  • Ajay M. Sidpara
    • 3
  1. 1.Mechanical Engineering DepartmentGovernment Engineering CollegeBhavnagarIndia
  2. 2.Mechanical Engineering DepartmentGovernment Engineering CollegeBhujIndia
  3. 3.Mechanical Engineering DepartmentIndian Institute of TechnologyKharagpurIndia

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