Dry and Near-Dry Machining Techniques for Green Manufacturing

  • Sujan DebnathEmail author
  • Moola Mohan Reddy
  • Alokesh Pramanik
Part of the Materials Forming, Machining and Tribology book series (MFMT)


Dry and near-dry techniques have been developed for sustainability interventions in machining. These techniques not only take care of sustainability and make the machining green, but also improve productivity and surface quality. This chapter comprehensively discusses various important aspects of these green manufacturing techniques. It discusses the conventional cutting fluids, their ecological problems, recently developed green lubricants, and lubrication techniques and their applications. It also overt the latest development in oil-, aqueous-, and gas-based synthetic and semi-synthetic cutting fluids and their relative advantages and disadvantages toward green manufacturing. The environmental and health issues related to cutting fluids and the latest technologies to minimize the detrimental effects of cutting fluids on human and the environment have been discussed. Finally, the latest trends toward green manufacturing including dry machining, near-dry (i.e., minimum quantity lubrication (MQL)) machining, and nano-enhanced MQL machining are discussed. At the end, two MQL-based machining case studies utilizing vegetable-based cutting fluids have been presented to highlight the importance of advanced green manufacturing.


Dry machining Green manufacturing Machinability MQL Nanofluid Near-dry machining 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sujan Debnath
    • 1
    Email author
  • Moola Mohan Reddy
    • 1
  • Alokesh Pramanik
    • 2
  1. 1.Curtin UniversityMiriMalaysia
  2. 2.Curtin UniversityPerthAustralia

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