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Conclusion: Civil Europe—European Commission Officials as Fabulous Artificers, the European General Public and Complementary Identities

  • Stefanie Pukallus
Chapter

Abstract

The conclusion makes three points which arise from the arguments made in Chapters  1 5. These are first, that there was a particular group of individuals (who I call Fabulous Artificers) whose role and efforts in the construction of a European civil identity have largely been overlooked. Second, that one can dispense with the saw that Europe was conceived in a way that suited a cosmopolitan elite and very few others—rather it was designed to suit a future European general public who held civil values in common. Third, that European civil identity was from the start understood to be both complementary and compatible with other identities pertaining to the nation-state and other local loyalties.

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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Stefanie Pukallus
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Journalism StudiesUniversity of SheffieldSheffieldUK

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