Hybrid Cooling, Heating, and Power Energy Procurement

  • Hossein Khodaei


In this chapter, to meet the cooling, heating, and power energy requirement of a large industrial consumer, a novel system is introduced including combined cooling, heating, and power (CCHP) in the combination of renewable energies such as photovoltaic (PV) and wind turbine (WT). In addition, as a heat supplier, a solar thermal storage system (STS) is implemented to meet heating demand of the large consumer. The time-of-use and real-time pricing rates of demand response programs are considered to reduce total energy procurement cost. The problem is solved considering two study cases as without and with implementing STS to investigate the impact of STS on optimization of energy procurement process of a large industrial consumer. The problem is formulated as MILP and solved under CPLEX solver in the GAMS optimization program. The application of the considered system is analyzed through numerical studies.


Combined cooling, heating, and power Time-of-use pricing Real-time pricing Solar thermal storage system Wind turbine Photovoltaic Large industrial consumer 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hossein Khodaei
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Engineering, Ardabil BranchIslamic Azad UniversityArdabilIran

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