Advertisement

Challenges in Meeting the Mental Health and Wellbeing Needs of Refugee Children and Young People in England: Evaluation and Critique of Policy and Guidance

  • Pat CoxEmail author
  • Jane March-McDonald
Chapter
Part of the Migration, Minorities and Modernity book series (MMMO, volume 4)

Abstract

The authors of this chapter examine, evaluate and critique one single key document—the Healthy Child Programme: Pregnancy and the First Five Years of Life, together with The Healthy Child Programme 5–19 years—which incorporates both health policy and health practice guidance in England. In doing so, there is engagement with the document’s underpinning political ideologies and principles. The authors focus in particular upon issues of mental health and wellbeing for refugee children and young people, and consider the extent to which these have been recognised and addressed in this key document. Writing from a children’s and young people’s rights perspective, the authors assert that mental health and wellbeing need to be understood not only as the absence of mental illness, but also as encompassing the notion of positive wellbeing. They argue the need for a rights-based, preventative approach in addressing, responding to and promoting issues of mental health and wellbeing for refugee children and young people in national health policy and health practice guidance.

References

  1. Anderman, L. F. (2002). Cultural aspects of trauma. CPA Bulletin, August, 19–21.Google Scholar
  2. Aspinal, P. (2011). The health and healthcare of vulnerable migrant children. Poverty, 138, 13–14.Google Scholar
  3. Bradshaw, J. (2016). The well-being of children in the UK. Bristol: Policy Press, University of Bristol.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Burnett, A., & Peel, M. (2001). Asylum seekers and refugees in Britain: The health of survivors of torture and organised violence. British Medical Journal, 322, 606–609.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Calhoun, C., & Sennett, R. (2007). Practicing culture. Oxford: Routledge.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Crawley, H. (2006). Child first, migrant second: Ensuring that every child matters, Immigration Law Practitioners’ Association Policy Paper London: ILPA.Google Scholar
  7. Davies, W. (2017). On mental health, the royal family is doing more than our government. https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2017/apr/20/mental-health-royal-family-government-children-illness. Accessed February 16, 2018.
  8. Denzin, N. K., & Lincoln, Y. S. (2011). Introduction: The discipline and practice of qualitative research. In N. K. Denzin & Y. S. Lincoln (Eds.), Handbook of qualitative research (pp. 1–20). Thousand Oaks: Sage.Google Scholar
  9. Department for Education and Skills. (2003). Every child matters. London: The Stationery Office.Google Scholar
  10. DoH, & DCSF. (2009a). Healthy child programme: Pregnancy and the first 5 years of life. Part of public health contribution of nurses’ and midwives guidance and children’s health. London, UK: Department of Health.Google Scholar
  11. DoH, & DCSF. (2009b). The healthy child programme, 5–19 years. London: Department of Health.Google Scholar
  12. Fazel, M. (2015). A moment of change: Facilitating refugee children’s mental health in UK schools. International Journal of Educational Development, 41, 255–261.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Fazel, M., & Stein, A. (2003). Mental health of refugee children: Comparative study. British Medical Journal, 327(7407), 134.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Frith, E. (2016). Progress and challenges in the transformation of children and young people’s mental health care: A report of the education policy institute’s mental health commission. London: Education Policy Institute.Google Scholar
  15. Marmot, M. (2010). Fair society, healthy lives: The marmot review. London: Institute of Health Equity, University College.Google Scholar
  16. McKinney, J. C. (2017). Refugees in the UK. https://fullfact.org/immigration/uk-refugees/. Accessed February 16, 2018.
  17. Mulvey, G. (2010). When policy creates politics: The problematizing of immigration and the consequences for refugee integration in the UK. Journal of Refugee Studies, 23(4), 437–462.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. NCB. (2016). Delivering the healthy child programme for young refugee and migrant children. London: National Children’s Bureau.Google Scholar
  19. NICE. (2015). Depression in children and young people: Identification and management. https://www.nice.org.uk/guidance/CG28. Accessed February 16, 2018.
  20. OHCHR. (1989). United Nations Convention on the rights of the child. Geneva: Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights.Google Scholar
  21. ONS. (2013). Children and young people’s well-being in the UK, 2013. London: Office for National Statistics.Google Scholar
  22. ONS. (2015). Children and young people’s well-being in the UK, 2015. London: Office for National Statistics.Google Scholar
  23. Osborne, S. (2016). The 20 best countries to raise a family. http://www.independent.co.uk/life-style/health-and-families/health-news/the-20-best-countries-to-raise-a-family-a6984031.html. Accessed February 16, 2018.
  24. Pinter, I. (2012). ‘I don’t feel human’: Experiences of destitution among young refugees and migrants. London: The Children’s Society.Google Scholar
  25. Prior, L. (2003). Using documents in social research. London: Sage.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Ruck, M. D., Peterson-Badall, M., & Freeman, M. (2017). Handbook of children’s rights: Global and multidisciplinary perspectives. New York/Oxford: Routledge.Google Scholar
  27. Sands, R. G., & Nuccio, K. E. (1992). Postmodern feminist theory and social work. Social Work, 37(6), 489–494.Google Scholar
  28. UN. (1951). Geneva Convention—Relating to the status of refugees. Geneva: United Nations.Google Scholar
  29. UNCRC. (2013). General Comment No. 15 (2013) on the right of the child to the enjoyment of the highest attainable standard of health (art. 24). Geneva: United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child.Google Scholar
  30. WHO. (2014). Mental health: A state of well-being. http://www.who.int/features/factfiles/mental_health/en. Accessed February 16, 2018.
  31. Young Minds. (2017). Young minds. https://www.youngminds.org.uk. Accessed February 16, 2018.
  32. Zack-Williams, T. B. (2006). Child soldiers in Sierra Leone and the problems of demobilisation, rehabilitation and reintegration into society: Some lessons for social workers in war-torn societies. Social Work Education, 25(2), 119–128.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Social Work, Care and CommunityUniversity of Central LancashirePrestonUK
  2. 2.School of Nursing and MidwiferyUniversity of PlymouthPlymouthUK

Personalised recommendations