Refugee Health: Public Health Theory and Disease Dynamics

  • Alexander KrämerEmail author
  • Florian Fischer
Part of the Migration, Minorities and Modernity book series (MMMO, volume 4)


Refugee migration poses major social, political and public health challenges, as became obvious during the so-called “refugee crisis” of the past few years. Overall, refugees are more vulnerable to various risk factors and disease entities, not only before or during their flight, but also in the destination country. This chapter aims to provide an overview of public health theory and disease dynamics related to refugee health. Recent developments in global refugee migration will be described, with a focus on Europe and Germany. The disease burden of refugees and its influences will be the focus, with reference to theoretical concepts like the healthy migrant and exhausted migrant effect, and the meaning of different phases of migration relevant to health. Furthermore, a hypothetical time-dependent scheme of major disease entities in refugees will be introduced. Major social transformations that are associated with global migration and relate to health will be characterised.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Public Health Medicine, School of Public HealthBielefeld UniversityBielefeldGermany

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