Advertisement

Building Early Relationship Programming Across Cultures

  • Lana O. BeasleyEmail author
  • Dolores S. Bigfoot
  • Hannah K. Curren
Chapter

Abstract

Understanding the impact of culture in programming designed to help young children and families is imperative for positive outcomes. This chapter provides an overview of the importance of culture when designing programs for young children as well as the impact of cultural beliefs on early relationships and parenting. Implementation within cultures is discussed as well as methods for adapting and translating existing programs. Translation and research methods for evaluating cultural adaptations are presented, with a brief discussion of using both qualitative and quantitative methods for evaluating efficacy. Additionally, descriptions of interventions and adaptations using both quantitative and qualitative methodology that have been successfully used with parents of young children within a variety of cultures are presented.

Keywords

Early relationships Culture Cultural practices Evidence-based treatments Cultural adaptation Cultural framework Parenting 

References

  1. Alegría, M., & McGuire, T. (2003). Rethinking a universal framework in the psychiatric symptom-disorder relationship. Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 44, 257–274. https://doi.org/10.2307/1519778.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. American Psychological Association. (2003). Guidelines on multicultural education, training, research, practice, and organizational change for psychologists. American Psychologist, 58, 377–402. https://doi.org/10.1037/0003-066X.58.5.377.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Atkinson, D. R., Morten, G., & Sue, D. W. (1998). Within-group differences among racial/ethnic minorities. In Counseling American Minorities (pp. 21–50). Boston, MA: McGraw-Hill.Google Scholar
  4. Barrera, M., & Castro, F. G. (2006). A heuristic framework for the cultural adaptation of interventions. Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice, 13, 311–316. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-2850.2006.00043.x.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Bartgis, J., & Bigfoot, D. S. (2010). The state of best practices in Indian Country. Healthy Indian Country Initiative. Retrieved from: http://icctc.org/BartgisBigfoot%20The%20State%20of%20Best%20Practices%20in%20Indian%20Country%20(2).pdf
  6. Beasley, L. O., Silovsky, J. F., Owora, A., Burris, L., Hecht, D., Demoraes-Huffine, P., Cruz, I., & Tolma, E. (2014). Mixed-methods feasibility study on the cultural adaptation of a child abuse prevention model. Child Abuse and Neglect, 38, 1496–1507. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chiabu.2014.04.017.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. Beasley, L. O., Silovsky, J. F., Espeleta, H. C., Robinson, L. R., Hartwig, S. A., Morris, A., & Esparza, I. (2017). A qualitative study of cultural congruency of Legacy for Children for Spanish-speaking mothers. Children and Youth Services Review, 79, 299–308. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.childyouth.2017.06.022.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Bernal, G. (2006). Intervention development and cultural adaptation research with diverse families. Family Process, 45, 143–151. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1545-5300.2006.00087.x.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  9. Bernal, G., Bonilla, J., & Bellido, C. (1995). Ecological validity and cultural sensitivity for outcome research: Issues for cultural adaptation and development of psychosocial treatments with Hispanics. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 23, 67–82. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01447045.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. Bernal, G., Jiménez-Chafey, M., & Rodriguez, M. (2009). Cultural adaptation of treatments: A resource for considering culture in evidence-based practice. Professional Psychology Research and Practice, 40, 361–368. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0016401.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Bernal, M. E., & Padilla, A. M. (1982). Status of minority curricula and training in clinical psychology. American Psychologist, 37, 780–787. BigFoot, D. S. (1989). Parent training for American Indian families. Doctoral dissertation, University of Oklahoma. https://doi.org/10.1037/0003-066X.37.7.780.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. Bigfoot, D. S., & Rowe, W. (1989). Parent training for American Indian families. Retrieved from ProQuest Dissertations and Theses. (UMI No. 8919982)Google Scholar
  13. Bradley, R. H., Caldwell, B. M., & Rock, S. L. (1988). Home environment and school performance: A ten-year follow-up and examination of three models of environmental action. Child Development, 59, 852–867. https://doi.org/10.2307/1130253.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  14. Bravo, M., Canino, G. J., Rubio-Stipec, M., & Woodbury- Fariña, M. (1991). A cross-cultural adaptation of a psychiatric epidemiology instrument: The diagnostic interview schedule adaptation in Puerto Rico. Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry, 15, 1–18. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00050825.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  15. Bronfenbrenner, U. (1977). Toward an experimental ecology of human development. American Psychologist, 32, 513–531. https://doi.org/10.1037/0003-066X.32.7.513.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Bronfenbrenner, U. (1979). The ecology of human development: Experiments by nature and design. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
  17. Bronfenbrenner, U. (1989). Ecological systems theory. In R. Vasta (Ed.), Annals of child development (Vol. 6, pp. 187–251). Greenwich, UK: JAI Press.Google Scholar
  18. Bronfenbrenner, U. (1993). The ecology of cognitive development: Research models and fugitive findings. In R. H. Wozniak & K. W. Fischer (Eds.), Development in context: Acting and thinking in specific environments, The Jean Piaget symposium series (pp. 3–44). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.Google Scholar
  19. Canino, G., & Alegría, M. (2008). Psychiatric diagnosis—is it universal or relative to culture? Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 49, 237–250. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-7610.2007.01854.x.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  20. Casas, J. M. (1982). Counseling psychology in the marketplace: The status of ethnic minorities. The Counseling Psychologist, 37, 780–787. https://doi.org/10.1177/0011000082102010.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Casas, J. M., Ponterotto, J. G., & Gutierrez, J. M. (1986). An ethical indictment of counseling research and training: The cross-cultural perspective. Journal of Counseling and Development, 64, 347–349. https://doi.org/10.1002/j.1556-6676.1986.tb01130.x.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Center on the Developing Child. (2013). Early childhood mental health (In Brief). Retrieved from: www.developingchild.harvard.edu
  23. Chaffin, M., Hecht, D., Bard, D., Silovsky, J. F., & Beasley, W. (2012). A statewide trial of SafeCare home-based services model with parents in child protective services. Pediatrics, 129, 509–515. https://doi.org/10.1542/peds.2011-1840.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  24. Coard, S. I., Foy-Watson, S., Zimmer, C., & Wallace, A. (2007). Considering culturally relevant parenting practices in intervention development and adaptation: A randomized controlled trial of the black parenting strengths and strategies (BPSS) program. The Counseling Psychologist, 35, 797–820. https://doi.org/10.1177/0011000007304592.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Coard, S. I., Wallace, S. A., Stevenson, H. C., & Brotman, L. M. (2004). Towards culturally relevant preventive interventions: The consideration of racial socialization in parent training with African American families. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 13, 277–293. https://doi.org/10.1023/B:JCFS.0000022035.07171.f8.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Cole, M., Hakkarainen, P., & Bredikyte, M. (2010). Culture and early childhood learning. In Encyclopedia on Early Childhood Development (pp. 1–7). Montreal, QC: Centre of Excellence for Early Childhood Development and Strategic Knowledge Cluster on Early Child Development.Google Scholar
  27. Comas-Diaz, L. (2006). Latino healing: The integration of ethnic psychology into psychotherapy. Psychotherapy (Chicago, Ill), 43, 436–453. https://doi.org/10.1037/0033-3204.43.4.436.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. DeLoache, J., & Gottlieb, A. (2000). A world of babies: Imagined childcare guides for seven societies. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Elliot, D. S., & Mihalic, S. (2004). Issues in disseminating and replicating effective prevention programs. Prevention Science, 5, 47–53. https://doi.org/10.1023/B:PREV.0000013981.28071.52.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Falicov, C. J. (2009). Commentary: On the wisdom and challenges of culturally attuned treatments for Latinos. Family Process, 48, 292–309. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1545-5300.2009.01282.x.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  31. Forehand, R. L., & Long, N. (2002). Parenting the strong-willed child: The clinically proven five-week program for parents of two- to six-year-olds. Chicago, IL: Contemporary Books.Google Scholar
  32. Glasgow, R. E., Vogt, T. M., & Boles, S. M. (1999). Evaluating the public health impact of health promotion interventions: The RE-AIM framework. American Journal of Public Health, 89, 1322–1327.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Göncü, A., & Gaskins, S. (2007). Play and development: Evolutionary, sociocultural, and functional perspectives (the Jean Piaget symposium series). Mahwah, NJ: L. Erlbaum Associates Publishers.Google Scholar
  34. Hoagwood, K., Burns, B. J., Kiser, L., Ringeisen, H., & Scheonwald, S. K. (2001). Evidence-based practice in child and adolescent mental health services. Psychiatric Services, 52, 1179–1189.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Ibrahim, F. A., & Arredondo, P. M. (1990). Ethical issues in multicultural counseling. In B. Herlihy & L. Golden (Eds.), Ethical standards casebook (pp. 137–145). Alexandria, VA: American Association for Counseling and Development.Google Scholar
  36. Isaacs, M., Huang, L., Hernandez, M., & Echo-Hawk (2005). The road to evidence: The intersection of evidence-based practices and cultural competence in children’s mental health. National Alliance of Multi-ethnic Behavioral Health Association. Retrieved November 24, 2018 from https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Mario_Hernandez9/publication/240636949_The_Road_to_Evidence_The_Intersection_of_Evidence-Based_Practices_and_Cultural_Competence_in_Children%27s_Mental_Health/links/53f1eaa30cf2f2c3e7fc9a81/The-Road-to-Evidence-The-Intersection-of-Evidence-Based-Practices-and-Cultural-Competence-in-Childrens-Mental-Health.pdf.
  37. Johnson, L., Radesky, J., & Zuckerman, B. (2013). Cross-cultural parenting: Reflections on autonomy and interdependence. Pediatrics, 131, 631–633. https://doi.org/10.1542/peds.2012-3451.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  38. Johnson, R. B., & Onwuegbuzie, A. J. (2004). Mixed methods research: A research paradigm whose time has come. Educational Researcher, 33, 14–26. https://doi.org/10.3102/0013189X033007014.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Kaminski, J. W., Perou, R., Visser, S. N., Scott, K. G., Beckwith, L., Howard, J., Smith, D. C., & Danielson, M. L. (2013). Behavioral and socioemotional outcomes through age 5 years of the Legacy for Children public health approach to improving developmental outcomes among children born into poverty. American Journal of Public Health, 103, 1058–1066. https://doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.2012.300996.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  40. Krauss, M. W., & Jacobs, F. (1990). Family assessment: Purposes and techniques. In S. J. Meisels & J. Shonkoff (Eds.), Handbook of early childhood intervention. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  41. Kreuter, M. W., Lukwago, S. N., Bucholtz, D. C., Clark, E. M., & Sanders-Thompson, V. (2003). Achieving cultural appropriateness in health promotion programs: Targeted and tailored approaches. Health Education and Behavior, 30, 133–146. https://doi.org/10.1177/1090198102251021.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  42. Kreuter, M. W., & Skinner, C. S. (2000). Tailoring: What’s in a name? Health Education Research, 15, 1–4. https://doi.org/10.1093/her/15.1.1.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  43. Lau, A. S. (2006). Making the case for selective and directed cultural adaptations of evidence-based treatments: Examples from parent training. Clinical Psychology–Science and Practice, 13, 295–310. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-2850.2006.00042.x.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. López, S. R., Grover, K. P., Holland, D., Johnson, M. J., Kain, C. D., Kanel, K., Mellins, C. A., & Rhyne, M. C. (1989). Development of culturally sensitive psychotherapists. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 20, 369–376. https://doi.org/10.1037/0735-7028.20.6.369.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Lutzker, J. R. (1984). Project 12-ways: Treating child abuse and neglect from an ecobehavioral perspective. In R. F. Dangel & R. A. Polster (Eds.), Parent training: Foundations of research and practice (pp. 260–291). New York, NY: Guilford Press.Google Scholar
  46. Lutzker, J. R., & Bigelow, K. M. (2002). Reducing child maltreatment: A guidebook for parent services. New York, NY: Guilford Press.Google Scholar
  47. Lutzker, J. R., Bigelow, K. M., Doctor, R. M., & Kessler, M. L. (1998). Safety, healthcare, and bonding within an ecobehavioral approach to treating and preventing child abuse and neglect. Journal of Family Violence, 13, 163–185. https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1022893607387.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Lutzker, J. R., & Rice, J. M. (1984). Project 12-ways: Measuring outcome of a large in-home service for treatment and prevention of child abuse and neglect. Child Abuse & Neglect, 8, 519–524. https://doi.org/10.1016/0145-2134(84)90034-6.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Lutzker, J. R., & Rice, J. M. (1987). Using recidivism data to evaluate project 12-ways: An ecobehavioral approach to the treatment and prevention of child abuse and neglect. Journal of Family Violence, 2, 283–290. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00993295.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. McCabe, L. M. (2002). Factors that predict premature termination among Mexican American children in outpatient psychotherapy. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 11, 347–359. https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1016876224388.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Merriam-Webster. (2016). The Merriam-Webster dictionary new edition (p. 174). Springfield, MA: Merriam-Webster Inc.Google Scholar
  52. Mier, N., Ory, M. G., & Medina, A. A. (2010). Anatomy of culturally sensitive interventions promoting nutrition and exercise in Hispanics: A critical examination of existing literature. Health Promotion Practice, 11, 541–554. https://doi.org/10.1177/1524839908328991.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  53. Ogbu, J. U. (1981). Origins of human competence: A cultural ecological perspective. Child Development, 52, 413–429. https://doi.org/10.2307/1129158.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. Perou, R., Elliott, M. N., Visser, S. N., Claussen, A. H., Scott, K. G., Beckwith, L. H., ... Smith, D. C. (2012). Legacy for Children™: A pair of randomized controlled trials of a public health model to improve developmental outcomes among children in poverty. BMC Public Health, 12, 691.Google Scholar
  55. President’s Commission on Mental Health. (1979). Report from the President’s commission on mental health. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.Google Scholar
  56. Resnicow, K., Soler, R., Braithwaite, R. L., Ahluwalia, J. S., Butler, J., Wandersman, A., & Krafterian, S. J. (2000). Cultural sensitivity in substance abuse prevention. Journal of Community Psychology, 28, 271–290. https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1520-6629(200005)28:3<271::AID-JCOP4>3.0.CO;2-I.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. Rubin, K. H., & Menzer, M. (2010). Culture and social development. In Encyclopedia on Early Childhood Development (pp. 1–8). Montreal, QC: Centre of Excellence for Early Childhood Development and Strategic Knowledge Cluster on Early Child Development.Google Scholar
  58. Self-Brown, S., Frederick, K., Binder, S., Whitaker, D., Lutzker, J., Edwards, A., & Blankenship, J. (2011). Examining the need for cultural adaptations to an evidence based parent training program targeting the prevention of child maltreatment. Children and Youth Services Review, 33, 1166–1172.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. Shonkoff, J. P. (2010). Building a new biodevelopmental framework to guide the future of early childhood policy. Child Development, 81, 357–367. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-8624.2009.01399.x.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  60. Silovsky, J. F., Bard, D., Chaffin, M., Hecht, D., Burris, L., Owora, A., Beasley, L., Doughty, D., & Lutzker, J. (2011). Prevention of child maltreatment in high-risk rural families: A randomized clinical trial with child welfare outcomes. Children and Youth Services Review, 33, 1435–1444. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.childyouth.2011.04.023.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. Small, M. F. (1998). Our babies, ourselves: How biology and culture shape the way we parent. New York, NY: Anchor Books.Google Scholar
  62. Small, M. F. (2002). Kids: How biology and culture shape the way we raise young children. New York, NY: Doubleday.Google Scholar
  63. Smith, E. J. (1982). Counseling psychology in the marketplace: The status of ethnic minorities. The Counseling Psychologist, 10, 61–68. https://doi.org/10.1177/0011000082102010.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  64. Stanford Solar Center. (2008). BigHorn medicine wheel. Retrieved April 30, 2014, from: http://solar-center.stanford.edu/AO/
  65. Stirman, S. W., Crits-Christoph, P., & Derubeis, R. J. (2004). Achieving successful dissemination of empirically supported psychotherapies: A synthesis of dissemination theory. Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice, 11, 343–359. https://doi.org/10.1093/clipsy.bph091.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  66. Sue, D. W. (1990). Culture specific strategies in counseling: A conceptual framework. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 21, 424–433. https://doi.org/10.1037/0735-7028.21.6.424.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  67. Sue, D. W., Arredondo, P., & McDavis, R. J. (1992). Multicultural counseling competencies and standards: A call to the profession. Journal of Counseling & Development, 70, 477–486. https://doi.org/10.1002/j.1556-6676.1992.tb01642.
  68. Sue, D. W., & Sue, D. (1990). Counseling the culturally different: Theory and practice (2nd ed.). New York, NY: Wiley.Google Scholar
  69. Sue, D. W., & Sue, D. (2008). Counseling the culturally diverse: Theory and practice (5th ed.). Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.Google Scholar
  70. Sue, S., & Zane, N. (1987). The role of culture and cultural techniques in psychotherapy: A critique and reformulation. American Psychologist, 42, 37–45. https://doi.org/10.1037/1948-1985.S.1.3.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  71. Super, C. M., & Harkness, S. (1986). The developmental niche: A conceptualization at the interface of child and culture. International Journal of Behavioral Development, 9, 545–569. https://doi.org/10.1177/016502548600900409.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  72. Ward, J. V. (2000). The skin we’re in: Teaching our teens to be emotionally strong, socially smart and spiritually connected. New York, NY: Free Press.Google Scholar
  73. Washington, E. D., & McLoyd, V. (1982). The external validity of research involving American minorities. Human Development, 25, 324–339. https://doi.org/10.1159/000272817.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  74. Whiting, J., & Child, I. L. (1953). Child training and personality: A cross-cultural study. New York, NY: Yale University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  75. Wilson, B. D. M., & Miller, R. L. (2003). Examining strategies for culturally grounded HIV prevention: A review. AIDS Education and Prevention, 15, 184–202.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lana O. Beasley
    • 1
    Email author
  • Dolores S. Bigfoot
    • 2
  • Hannah K. Curren
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Human Development and Family ScienceOklahoma State UniversityStillwaterUSA
  2. 2.Center on Child Abuse and Neglect, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences CenterOklahoma CityUSA

Personalised recommendations