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Wireless Fog-Mesh: A Communication and Computation Infrastructure for IoT Based Smart Environments

  • Shabir Ali
  • Shashwati Banerjea
  • Mayank Pandey
  • Neeraj Tyagi
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 11005)

Abstract

Recently, the ideas of fog and edge computing have been proposed to move the computation near the end devices that produce or consume data. These ideas can easily be utilized in the context of IoT based smart environments. Generally, the practical implementations of smart environments rely heavily on cloud for data processing, analytics and decision making. The data captured by IoT devices is transferred via Internet towards cloud data centers which may introduce unwanted delay in real time scenarios. If we go by the popular predictions regarding number of active IoT devices, the best effort service provided by Internet may become a huge bottleneck. Further, to make the environment IoT friendly, a scalable communication infrastructure is needed which should be cost effective and can sustain the ever increasing number of devices. In this paper, we present our initial attempt to make a wireless mesh based fog computing infrastructure for IoT enabled smart environments. The important aspect of our approach is that, it can quickly be deployed for use-cases where smart environment is needed on a temporary basis, such as rock concerts, fairs, sporting events, etc. We have implemented a small scale prototype test-bed where mesh routers can also act as fog nodes. For resource discovery among fog nodes, we have utilized the concepts of Distributed Hash Table (DHT). This DHT also performs the role of distributed broker for data sharing among IoT devices. Further, we have performed simulations to test the scalability of our approach. Both implementation and simulation results are satisfactory and establish the applicability of our approach.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Shabir Ali
    • 1
  • Shashwati Banerjea
    • 1
  • Mayank Pandey
    • 1
  • Neeraj Tyagi
    • 1
  1. 1.Motilal Nehru National Institute of Technology AllahabadAllahabadIndia

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