Muscle MRI as an Endpoint in Clinical Trials

  • Dirk FischerEmail author
  • Ulrike Bonati
  • Mike P. Wattjes


In the last decade, there has been substantial progress in the genetic characterization and classification of inherited muscle disorders. In addition to clinical assessment, clinical neurophysiology, and the diagnostic gold standard of histopathology including immunohistochemistry, muscle imaging, and particularly magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), has increasingly been used in the diagnostic work-up of inherited muscle disease. Novel quantitative muscle MRI techniques have been developed in order to characterize and quantify the severity and pattern of muscle involvement in clinical routine as well as in therapeutic trials. This chapter provides a comprehensive overview of current MRI techniques in inherited muscle diseases with special emphasis on the use of quantitative muscle MRI in clinical therapeutic trials.


Muscle imaging Quantitative muscle magnetic resonance imaging Muscular dystrophy Clinical trials 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Dirk Fischer
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Ulrike Bonati
    • 1
    • 2
  • Mike P. Wattjes
    • 3
  1. 1.Division of NeuropaediatricsUniversity Children’s Hospital Basel, University of BaselBaselSwitzerland
  2. 2.Department of NeurologyUniversity Hospital Basel, University of BaselBaselSwitzerland
  3. 3.Department of Diagnostic and Interventional NeuroradiologyHannover Medical SchoolHannoverGermany

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