Properties and Mechanical Behaviour of Ice

  • Ryszard StaroszczykEmail author
Part of the GeoPlanet: Earth and Planetary Sciences book series (GEPS)


The properties of ice and its mechanical behaviour are discussed. First, the basic facts concerning various forms of ice are presented, and relevant physical parameters are given. Then, the crystalline microstructure of ice is described, with an emphasis on the anisotropic properties of a single ice crystal and their effect on various types of its microscopic deformation. This is followed by the presentation of the macroscopic properties of polycrystalline ice and its behaviour in various stress and deformation regimes. Thus, the elastic, viscoelastic, viscous creep and brittle behaviour of the material is discussed, and examples of constitutive equations describing all these types of the response of ice to stress are given.


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Hydro-EngineeringPolish Academy of SciencesGdańskPoland

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