Evolution of 3C Cyber-Physical Systems Architecture for Industry 4.0

  • Ahmadzai AhmadiEmail author
  • Ali Hassan Sodhro
  • Chantal Cherifi
  • Vincent Cheutet
  • Yacine Ouzrout
Conference paper
Part of the Studies in Computational Intelligence book series (SCI, volume 803)


Cyber-Physical Systems (CPS) are considered as the emerging components for Industry 4.0, the state-of-the art and standard CPS architecture playing the major role in understanding the nature of the industrial landscape. The key problem with traditional CPS architectures is that they are not up-to-mark and convincing to fulfil the needs of smart industries, as they merely consider vertical and horizontal integration with three components (i.e., human, cyber and physical components) integration. Currently, CPS lack adopting and highlighting the key interfacing elements which are vital for Industry 4.0. So, to remedy these problems and bridge the gap between concepts and implementing, this paper proposes to enhance the 3C CPS architecture based on the traditional 3C one for Industry 4.0 by adopting the main interfacing elements such as connectors, protocols, and sub-elements, for example human, cyber and physical parts. Hence, it can be said that the proposed enhanced 3C CPS architecture plays a significant role and will be considered as a guideline and application for future smart manufacturing CPS systems and industries.


CPS Industry 4.0 CPS architectures Connectors Protocols 



This research work has been supported by the SmartLink Project, Erasmus Mundus Program. The authors would like to thank SmartLink Project and Université Lumière Lyon2.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ahmadzai Ahmadi
    • 1
    Email author
  • Ali Hassan Sodhro
    • 1
  • Chantal Cherifi
    • 1
  • Vincent Cheutet
    • 1
  • Yacine Ouzrout
    • 1
  1. 1.University Lyon, University Lumière Lyon2, INSA Lyon, DISP EA4570LyonFrance

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