Architectures for Human Worker Integration in Holonic Manufacturing Systems

  • Johannes Leuvennink
  • Karel KrugerEmail author
  • Anton Basson
Conference paper
Part of the Studies in Computational Intelligence book series (SCI, volume 803)


When considering the needs of the manufacturing industry of a developing country, selectively automated holonic manufacturing systems could solve many of the problems that are faced. With selective automation, human workers must somehow be integrated with holonic manufacturing systems. This paper presents and compares two architectures for human integration in holonic systems, namely the Interface Holon Architecture (IHA) and the Worker Holon Architecture (WHA). These architectures, as well as their implementation and integration with the holonic control system of a testbed cell, are briefly described. The experimental setup for the evaluation of the architectures is described and the preliminary results of the evaluation are discussed. The results show that the WHA results in higher productivity, as well as enhanced flexibility and reconfigurability.


Holonic manufacturing system Multi-agent system Human-centred manufacturing 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Johannes Leuvennink
    • 1
  • Karel Kruger
    • 1
    Email author
  • Anton Basson
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Mechanical and Mechatronic EngineeringStellenbosch UniversityStellenboschSouth Africa

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